Today's report of a rise in unemployment clobbered the stock market, sending the S&P 500 down nearly three percent. But the details of the report show that such pessimism is unwarranted, according to Asha Bangalore, an economist at Northern Trust in Chicago:
The unemployment rate is a lagging indicator which is most likely to peak in 2010. ... The path of economic recovery is not a straight line; ups and downs in hiring are part and parcel of the expected trajectory of employment.In the two prior recessions, she notes, employment did not start rising when the recessionary all-clear sounded: jobs did not pick up following the 1990-1991 slump until 1993, and after the unpleasantness of 2001, hiring was delayed until late 2003. (Please click on the graph below for a larger image.)
The conclusion is that labor market conditions remain weak but the pace of job losses has slowed and initial jobless claims, a leading economic indicator, have peaked. This combination suggests that the labor market is improving in the desired direction.
But the big market selloff today, while perhaps not sensible, is understandable. The U.S. economy has gone from apocalyptic in autumn 2008, to free-fall in winter, to "less bad" in the first quarter 2009. But things aren't getting any better, and in order to carry on the "less bad" rally, the market needs more green shoots.
Maybe next week.
Update July 3
The Times' excellent economics writer Catherine Rampell reveals more of the details of recent employment reports -- sectors where jobs are growing, especially in the public sector.