They'd Shoot NMD Down

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As the Bush administration continues its global sales pitch for national missile defense, it's winning few converts in the town that could host the lynchpin to the missile shield, reports CBS News Correspondent Tom Fenton.

The high-powered American radar base at Fylingdales — in a wild moorland corner of one of Britain's national parks — is slated to become a crucial element in the NMD program.

The base, known for the large pyramid-shaped radar array based there, would house the early warning radar that would alert batteries of "kill vehicles" to an enemy missile launch.

The Blair government appears to support the idea of NMD, but there is a problem: 100 British Parliamentarians oppose it.

"We should have no business whatsoever with national missile defense," said Labor Party MP Jeremy Corbyn. "It makes us a potential target for anyone who's looking for a war against the United States."

The locals hate it too.

"Anybody who wanted to attack America would most likely attack Fylingdales first," said Jackie Fearnley.

People here have watched the simulations and listened the message that the NMD "is designed to protect all 50 states," but heard no promise it would protect Britain.

The national missile defense is needed, supporters say, because a group of "rogue" nations — like North Korea, Iran and Iraq — could soon develop ballistic missiles capable of delivering chemical, biological or nuclear bombs to the United States.

Trying Again
The first Bush administration flight test of a controversial multibillion dollar ballistic missile defense is likely to take place by the end of next month, a year after the last one failed, a Pentagon spokesman said Friday.

The test would involve the same components as the last one -- a dummy warhead and decoy launched from California's Vandenburg Air Force Base and a prototype interceptor with a 120-pound "kill vehicle" launched 4,300 miles away, from the Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands.

The last two of the three integrated flight tests to date — often equated by the military to hitting a bullet with a bullet — have failed, most recently on July 7.

Supporters says the possibility of a massive American retaliation may not dissuade these states from striking.

The project is estimated to cost as much $60 billion for te land-based leg of interceptors, radar stations and battle management network.

The Clinton administration conducted several tests of the missile defense technology but held off on a decision on whether to start building NMD. The Bush administration has vowed to push ahead, and said it plans to amend the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty, which prohibits such systems.

Outlining his plans for missile defense, President Bush said the system is needed "to counter the different threats of today's world."

The administration believes the ABM treaty is outdated, and has pledged to cut nuclear stockpiles in coordination with building an NMD.

Domestic opponents criticize the program's cost and say it could trigger an arms race. Russia opposes scrapping the ABM treaty, China believes the missile shield could erode its nuclear deterrent, and some European allies are skeptical.

American envoys have been shuttling around the world explaining what's involved. But here in the communities that have to live alongside the secret American facility, people complain that they've been told nothing.

During the Cold War Fylingdales was a series of domed radar apparatuses designed to give Britain four minutes warning of a nuclear attack. In the 1960s people understood the purpose of the installation.

"We really thought there could be a nuclear war," said Fearnley.

But people don't buy the current American argument.

"Some idea that Saddam Hussein might chuck a missile and hopefully hit Washington — the whole concept is so ludicrous," said Laureen Shaw.

The Washington Post reported Friday that administration officials are considering speeding up development of the system to install a few missile interceptors by 2004. But along with the technical hurdles the Pentagon faces, there is a growing political obstacle in Britain.

"By God, if Tony Blair and President Bush between them decide to go ahead with this, then by heck, just stand by because there will be a lot of people here who will be very, very upset and who will be making a lot of noise," said Fylingdales neighbor Tom Thomson.

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