Teachers in Oakland, California, went on strike Thursday, part of a national wave of discontent by educators over classroom conditions, pay and other issues. Recent walkouts have taken place in, and .
The city's 3,000 teachers want a 12 percent retroactive raise covering 2017 to 2020 to compensate for what they say are the among the lowest salaries for public school teachers in the expensive San Francisco Bay Area. They also want the district to hire more counselors to support students and more full-time nurses.
Kindergarten teacher Kaki Blackburn, 30, was among dozens picketing outside Manzanita Community School with signs saying "On strike For a Living Wage." Blackburn, who has 29 kids in her class, said her main concerns were class size and wages.
She said her salary makes it impossible to afford an apartment on her own. "There's no way I'd be able to live here without a roommate," she said. "This is not what I went to Brown University to get a master's for."
The teacher union's leader said the educators were forced to strike for the first time in more than 20 years because administrators did not listen to their demands for two years. "For two years we have been negotiating with the Oakland Unified School District to make our students a priority over outside consultants and central office administrators," said Oakland Education Association President Keith Brown.
The walkout affects 36,000 students at 86 schools.
The district initially offered a 5 percent raise covering 2017 to 2020, saying it is squeezed by rising costs and a budget crisis. In negotiations Wednesday aimed at averting a strike, the district increased its proposal to a 7 percent raise over four years and a one-time 1.5 percent bonus.
The offer went higher than the recommendation of an independent fact-finding report that suggested a compromise 6 percent retroactive raise. But union officials rejected the offer.
"That bonus is almost nothing," Skyline High School teacher Jeff Rector told CBS San Francisco. "It doesn't follow me forward, and it's not enough money to make a difference right now. That 7 percent raise is still barely enough to cover inflation."
Oakland Unified School District spokesman John Sasaki said school administrators hope to get a counter proposal from the union when negotiations resume Friday. "We haven't heard any proposal since last May so we're hoping they have something for us when we meet tomorrow," Sasaki said.
The district said schools would remain open, staffed by non-union employees and substitute teachers. However, parents should not expect teaching as usual, it said. Manzanita Principal Eyana Spencer said 14 of the school's 450 students turned up for school Thursday and were placed in one classroom to play games.
Teachers have been working without a contract since 2017 and have said their salaries have not kept up with the cost of living. A starting salary in the district is $46,500 a year and the average salary is $63,000, according to the union. Nearly 600 teachers left their jobs at Oakland public schools last year, according to the union, which has said the district cannot retain teachers or attract experienced new teachers.
The union has called for the district to scrap plans to close as many as 24 schools that serve primarily African-American and Latino students. The union fears further students will be lost to charter schools that drain more than $57 million a year from the district.
Recent strikes across the nation have built on a wave of teacher activism that began last spring. Unions for West Virginia teachers, who staged a nine-day walkout last year, ended another two-day strike Wednesday.
Last week, teachers in Denver ended a three-day walkout after reaching a tentative deal raising their wages. Teachers in, the nation's second-largest school district, staged a six-day strike last month that ended when they settled on a 6 percent raise with promises of smaller class sizes and the addition of nurses and counselors.