Washington -- U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement will begin voluntary DNA testing in cases where officials suspect that adults are fraudulently claiming to be parents of children as they cross the U.S.-Mexico border.
The decision comes as Homeland Security officials are increasingly concerned about instances of child trafficking as a growing number of Central American families cross the border, straining resources to the breaking point. Border authorities also recently started to increase the biometric data they take from children 13 and younger, including fingerprints, despite privacy concerns and government policy that restricts what can be collected.
Officials with the Department of Homeland Security said the DNA pilot program would be very limited. They told CBS News it would begin next week at the southern border.
The rapid DNA test will take about two hours and will be obtained using a cheek swab from both the adult and child. The parent is to swab the child, officials said.
Advocates said they're worried that in the name of stopping fraud, agents might take personal information from children that could be used against them later. But DHS officials said the testing will be destroyed and won't be used as evidence in any criminal case.
Still, Vera Eidelman, staff attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union ACLU's Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project called the plan "yet another example of the Trump administration seeking to intimidate and deter asylum seekers, adding, "Forced DNA collection is coercive and intrusive, and it raises serious privacy and civil liberties concerns.
"The government is clearly interested in learning more than an individual's identity in this instance," she continued. "The government claims it does not plan to store or share the information collected from these intrusive and coercive tests for now, but the fact that it is even building out this surveillance infrastructure — using the pretext of the border — should trouble us all. With other government actors, from local law enforcement agencies to the FBI, also rolling out Rapid DNA systems, it is not hard to imagine a nightmare of a centralized government database."
Generally, government officials determine a family unit to be a parent with a child. Fraud would occur if a person is claiming to be a parent when he or she is another type of relative, or if there was no relationship at all. ICE officials said they have identified 101 possible instances of fraudulent families since April 18 and determined one-third were fraudulent.
Since the beginning of the budget year, they say they have uncovered more than 1,000 cases and referred 45 cases for prosecution.
The fraud could also include the use of false birth certificates or documents, and adults accused of fraud aren't necessarily prosecuted for it; some are prosecuted for illegal entry or other crimes.
Homeland Security officials have also warned of "child recycling," cases in which, they say, children allowed into the U.S. were smuggled back into Central America to be paired up again with other adults in fake families - something they say is impossible to catch without fingerprints or other biometric data.
But the department hasn't identified anyone arrested in such a scheme or released data on how many such schemes have been uncovered.
DHS officials say the program will be done with existing funds. Earlier Wednesday, the White House said it would need an additional $4.5 billion in humanitarian aid for the border. The 2019 fiscal year budget already contained $415 million for humanitarian assistance at the border, including $28 million in medical care, senior administration officials said Wednesday.
But the White House now wants an extra $3.3 billion to increase shelter capacity for unaccompanied migrant children and for the feeding and care of families, plus transportation and processing centers.