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Feds threaten to act against airbag maker Takata

DETROIT - U.S. safety regulators are threatening fines and legal action against airbag maker Takata Corp. unless it admits that the company's driver's side airbag inflators are defective and agrees to a nationwide recall.

In a letter to Takata's Washington office, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration gave the Japanese company until Tuesday to file paperwork declaring a defect and agree to expand the recall from high-humidity states to the full nation.

The company's airbags have been blamed for at least five deaths and multiple injuries worldwide. They can inflate with too much force, blowing apart a metal canister and sending shrapnel into drivers and passengers.

Takata's inflators "pose an unreasonable risk of death or serious injury that may result from a component that, when not defective, is designed to save lives," Frank Borris II, director of NHTSA's Office of Defects Invesigation, said in the letter, which was addressed to Kazuo Higuchi, a senior executive at Takata.

Japan's Takata company under fire over defective airbags 01:51

The letter is the first step in a legal process to compel a recall. To do so, the agency must make a finding that there's a safety defect, hold a public hearing and then it can go to court. It can also fine the company up to $7,000 per vehicle with defective inflators, and NHTSA says there are millions on the road today.

"Be assured that we will use all of our authority and resources to ensure that America's drivers and passengers are safe." Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx said in a statement.

Takata has maintained that the airbag problems are caused by prolonged exposure to airborne moisture, and that there's no need for a national recall. Boundaries of the recall zone vary by manufacturer, but generally it covers Gulf Coast states, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and some U.S. territories.

A company spokesman said Wednesday that he was working on a response to the government letter.

Airbag defect victim slams Takata and Honda, pleads with Congress 05:22

In the letter, NHTSA says Takata hasn't filed a safety defect letter as demanded by the agency on Nov. 18. The company, the letter said, has not provided an explanation for two driver's side airbag inflator ruptures outside the high-humidity areas.

"Despite the severe consequences of airbag ruptures and mounting data demonstrating a safety defect, Takata responded that it did not agree with NHTSA's basis for a nationwide recall," the letter stated.

The agency cites a May 31 inflator rupture in California that injured the driver of a 2005 Honda Accord and an Aug. 17 case in North Carolina in which the driver of a 2007 Ford Mustang was hurt.

About 8 million vehicles from 10 manufacturers have been recalled in the U.S., and nearly 14 million worldwide. The vehicles have Takata driver's side or passenger side airbags, or both. So far the government is not seeking a national recall of passenger side airbags.

Lawmakers have said there are 100 million cars and trucks in use worldwide with Takata airbags, and more than 30 million in the U.S.

Recently NHTSA has gotten tough with Takata on the airbag issue, but lawmakers have criticized the agency for a slow and haphazard response to a problem that has been unfolding since at least 2008.

NHTSA has posted a list of vehicles affected by the airbag recall and is urging owners to "take immediate action." Drivers can find out if their vehicles are part of the recall by using a search tool on

BMW: 627,615 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2000 - 2005 3 Series Sedan

2000 - 2006 3 Series Coupe

2000 - 2005 3 Series Sports Wagon

2000 - 2006 3 Series Convertible

2001 - 2006 M3 Coupe

2001 - 2006 M3 Convertible

Chrysler: 371,309 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2003 - 2008 Dodge Ram 1500

2005 - 2008 Dodge Ram 2500

2006 - 2008 Dodge Ram 3500

2006 - 2008 Dodge Ram 4500

2008 - Dodge Ram 5500

2005 - 2008 Dodge Durango

2005 - 2008 Dodge Dakota

2005 - 2008 Chrysler 300

2007 - 2008 Chrysler Aspen

Ford: 58,669 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2004 - Ranger

2005 - 2006 GT

2005 - 2007 Mustang

General Motors: undetermined total number of potentially affected vehicles

2003 - 2005 Pontiac Vibe

2005 - Saab 9-2X

Honda: 5,051,364 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2001 - 2007 Honda Accord

2001 - 2002 Honda Accord

2001 - 2005 Honda Civic

2002 - 2006 Honda CR-V

2003 - 2011 Honda Element

2002 - 2004 Honda Odyssey

2003 - 2007 Honda Pilot

2006 - Honda Ridgeline

2003 - 2006 Acura MDX

2002 - 2003 Acura TL/CL

2005 - Acura RL

Mazda: 64,872 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2003 - 2007 Mazda6

2006 - 2007 MazdaSpeed6

2004 - 2008 Mazda RX-8

2004 - 2005 MPV

2004 - B-Series Truck

Mitsubishi: 11,985 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2004 - 2005 Lancer

2006 - 2007 Raider

Nissan: 694,626 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2001 - 2003 Nissan Maxima

2001 - 2004 Nissan Pathfinder

2002 - 2004 Nissan Sentra

2001 - 2004 Infiniti I30/I35

2002 - 2003 Infiniti QX4

2003 - 2005 Infiniti FX35/FX45

Subaru: 17,516 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2003 - 2005 Baja

2003 - 2005 Legacy

2003 - 2005 Outback

2004 - 2005 Impreza

Toyota: 877,000 total number of potentially affected vehicles

2002 - 2005 Lexus SC

2002 - 2005 Toyota Corolla

2003 - 2005 Toyota Corolla Matrix

2002 - 2005 Toyota Sequoia

2003 - 2005 Toyota Tundra

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