The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. took over the banks: Bayside Savings Bank in Port Saint Joe, Fla., with $66.1 million in assets; Coastal Community Bank, based in Panama City, Fla., with $372.9 million in assets; NorthWest Bank and Trust, based in Acworth, Ga., with assets of $167.7 million; Cowlitz Bank in Longview, Wash., assets of $529.3 million; and LibertyBank, based in Eugene, Ore., assets of $768.2 million.
Centennial Bank, a subsidiary of Home BancShares Inc. based in Conway, Ark., agreed to assume the assets and deposits of Bayside Savings Bank and Coastal Community Bank. State Bank and Trust Co., based in Macon, Ga., is assuming those of NorthWest Bank and Trust.
Florida and Georgia are among the states with the highest concentrations of bank collapses and where the meltdown in the real estate market brought an avalanche of soured mortgage loans. The failures of Bayside Savings Bank and Coastal Community Bank brought to 20 the number of Florida banks that have fallen this year. Northwest Bank and Trust was the 11th Georgia bank to fail. Also high on the list of failure-heavy states are California and Illinois.
Heritage Bank, based in Olympia, Wash., agreed to assume the deposits and $329.5 million of the assets of Cowlitz Bank. Home Federal Bank, based in Nampa, Idaho, is assuming the deposits and $419.7 million of the assets of LibertyBank. In both cases, the FDIC will retain the rest of the assets for eventual sale.
The failure of NorthWest Bank and Trust is expected to cost the deposit insurance fund $39.8 million. Estimated costs for the others are: Bayside Savings Bank, $16.2 million; Coastal Community Bank, $94.5 million; Cowlitz Bank, $68.9 million; and LibertyBank, $115.3 million.
With 108 closures nationwide so far this year, the pace of bank failures far outstrips that of 2009, which was already a brisk year for shutdowns. By this time last year, regulators had closed 69 banks.
The pace has accelerated as banks' losses mount on loans made for commercial property and development. Many companies have shut down in the recession, vacating shopping malls and office buildings financed by the loans. That has brought delinquent loan payments and defaults by commercial developers.
The number of bank failures is expected to peak this year and be slightly higher than the 140 that fell in 2009. That was the highest annual tally since 1992, at the height of the savings and loan crisis. The 2009 failures cost the insurance fund more than $30 billion. Twenty-five banks failed in 2008, the year the financial crisis struck with force; only three succumbed in 2007.
The growing bank failures have sapped billions of dollars out of the deposit insurance fund. It fell into the red last year, and its deficit stood at $20.7 billion as of March 31.
The number of banks on the FDIC's confidential "problem" list jumped to 775 in the first quarter from 702 three months earlier, even as the industry as a whole had its best quarter in two years.
A majority of institutions posted profit gains in the January-March quarter. But many small and midsized banks are likely to continue to suffer distress in the coming months and years, especially from soured loans for office buildings and development projects.
The FDIC expects the cost of resolving failed banks to total around $60 billion from 2010 through 2014.
The agency mandated last year that banks prepay about $45 billion in premiums, for 2010 through 2012, to replenish the insurance fund.
Depositors' money - insured up to $250,000 per account - is not at risk, with the FDIC backed by the government. That insurance cap was made permanent in the financial overhaul legislation recently signed into law by President Barack Obama.
By AP Business Writer Marcy Gordon