, marking a second day of trading that generated steep declines, amid fears of rising inflation and potential rate increases by the Federal Reserve.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 1,175.21 points, or 4.6 percent, closing at 24,345.75 on Monday. Earlier in the afternoon, the index declined more than 1,500 points before recovering slightly. Even though it marks the biggest point drop ever, the market's decline is far from the largest on a percentage basis. The largest historic percentage drop was on Oct. 19, 1987, when the market plunged more than 22 percent.
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The two-day losing streak was sparked by a pickup in wages, which could usher in higher inflation. Average hourly earnings, which had been rising at a modest 2.5 percent in the recovery, increased by 2.9 percent from the year before, the Labor Department said Friday. Some sectors also showed weakness, including banks following the punitive action by the Federal Reserve against Wells Fargo (WFC).
The two-day slump has wiped out the stock market's gains so far this year. Investors are concerned that the recent period of low inflation and low interest rates may be coming to an end. Higher borrowing costs could eat into corporate profits, while also slowing down the market for houses, cars and other items bought using credit.
"Following Friday's wage data markets are coming to the conclusion that the U.S. economy is close to overheating and therefore that the risks of inflation are bigger than the risks of a recession," noted Torsten Sløk, chief international economist at Deutsche Bank Securities, in a research note.
Prior to Monday, the biggest one-day drop in the Dow was Sept. 29, 2008, when the index plunged 777.68 points, or about 7 percent.
Wells Fargoafter the Fed hit the bank with new penalties over a scandal that involved opening .
Energy companies were also moving lower as the price of crude oil slipped. Exxon Mobil (XOM) fell 5.7 percent, making it the second-biggest loser in the Dow Jones on Monday, after Boeing.
Other indices also declined. The Nasdaq composite lost 273.42, or 3.8 percent, to 6,967.53. The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 97.92, or 3.55 percent, to 2,664.21, with the energy sector leading losses that included nine of 10 major industry groups.
Bank shares and energy companies slid Monday, although losses were widely felt. Amazon, whose stock has soared in the past year, declined 2.8 percent.
The market is coming off its worst week in two years. Stocksand rising interest rates. Before the sell-off, some economists and stock market analysts had predicted a market correction given the high valuation of the equity market.
"Market corrections are normal, no matter how nerve-wracking they are at the time. Just hang in there, maintain a long-term perspective and resist the urge for any knee-jerk reactions," said Bankrate.com's chief financial analyst Greg McBride in an emailed statement.
The slide was fueled byon Friday that showed wages growing at their healthiest pace in years, with investors now expecting inflation to pick up, leading to higher interest rates and corporate borrowing costs.
"If there is one thing stocks hate is a rising rate environment," wrote Paul Nolte, a senior vice president and portfolio manager at Kingsview Asset Management. "The markets will be having a rough couple of weeks at it assimilates the 'new' normal," he added of expectations the Fed would not be hiking rates faster than the previously expected three times.