A proposal to merge the two largest domestic operators -- which is sure to alarm uneasy cable TV subscribers and federal regulators -- is the brainchild of Citigroup analyst Jason Bazinet. His exhaustive analysis in a new client report concludes that the controversial move could yield $2.7 billion in annual cost savings and $12 billion in synergies by combining the companies' 78 million customers.
Although Comcast and Time Warner tell Bazinet no such discussions are underway, the veteran cable analyst insists a merger is "the most intelligent transaction" they could pursue in an increasingly competitive digital market.
Theoretically, Bazinet could be right. But the track record on successful big media mergers is grim, and Time Warner's botched, recently unwound union with AOL is the poster child.
Although cable subscribers generally grumble about poor service and government regulators historically restrict the industry, the threat of media monopoly is dissipating as more choice abounds. Telephone, direct broadcast satellite, streaming online video and other new digital options would continue to erode and challenge the cable companies' combined 37 percent share of the pay TV market. Today's coaxial cable king could be tomorrow's dumb pipe.
Regulatory hurdles to such a merger "may be lower than most believe," Bazinet contends. Comcast-Time Warner's 37 percent market share is just beyond the 35 percent cable ownership cap recently nullified by a federal appeals court.
The potential tie-up also could provide "a natural counterweight to a Telco-DBS merger (should such a transaction happen sometime down the road)," Bazinet says. His other reasons to support a Comcast-Time Warner merger:
- It would simplify Comcast's wireless strategy given the companies' common equity interests in both Clearwire and SpectrumCo. It also would support the cable operators' new "TV Everywhere" initiative that extends subscribers' content access online and on wireless devices.
- A larger cable footprint would afford greater cost efficiency and negotiating power over Telco and DBS rivals. The merged company could save 14 percent annually on program expenses that are escalating three times faster than inflation.
- An estimated $12 billion in merger synergies would offset most of Time Warner Cable's $14 billion market cap.
- The combined entity would likely retain an investment grade rating even if Comcast pays all cash and a 35 percent premium for Time Warner Cable.
Time Warner, Comcast and other media-related companies with cash reserves are poised to buy assets at historically low multiples. Content-driven Time Warner has more than $9 billion in proceeds from its recent public spinoff of its Time Warner Cable unit. Time Warner CFO John Martin told a Bank of America-Merrill Lynch conference Wednesday the company is eager to invest in cable networks, video games and grassroots production. It would consider buying cable networks owned by NBCU and Scripps Networks Interactive. He was not asked about Bazinet's Sept. 9 report.
Comcast, InterActiveCorp, Liberty Media, Microsoft and even Google are among the other cash-rich companies that could seek to acquire all or part of NBCU.
Since cable stocks are trading below their intrinsic value, making stock-based deals unlikely, Comcast would do well to "bulk up on more distribution," Bazinet says. He estimates Comcast stock could trade up 15 percent on the news of a Time Warner Cable deal.
While many cable investors generally consider the smaller Cablevision a more likely cable takeover candidate, Time Warner Cable makes a better economic fit with Comcast, he said, although together they could make a bid for Cablevision down the road.
Comcast COO Steve Burke acknowledged at the Bank of America-Merrill Lynch media conference Wednesday that his company wants to expand its cable system and content holdings through acquisitions. Although Burke downplayed the advantages of scale and doing a $50 billion acquisition, he added, "We would like to get bigger if the economics were right."