A number of major U.S. retailers crashed and burned last year, led by long-suffering Sears. And according to Moody's Investors Service, 2019 could see a number of other name brick-and-mortar chains tumble into bankruptcy.
- Moody's warns that at least 17 big-name U.S. retailers overloaded with debt could go into default or even into bankruptcy this year
- Major chains that look vulnerable include J.Crew, J.C. Penney, Neiman Marcus, PetSmart, Pier 1
- The factors weighing on these retailers: debt, ecommerce and fierce competition from bigger players
Among the most fragile: J.C. Penney, Neiman Marcus and PetSmart, analysts with the credit rating agency said in a recent analysis. The three chains are among 17 underperforming retailers swimming in debt that may have no choice but to file for Chapter 11 protection or find other means of righting the financial ship.
"Companies in this category may have very good liquidity on the surface, but have no capacity to repay or refinance large amounts of debt when it matures," Moody's said.
Several of the companies were involved in leveraged buyouts, which often pile debt onto corporate balance sheets and leave little room for error, especially in a sector as ferociously competitive as retail. The 2017is just one recent example of a big-box chain felled by a combination of heavy private equity debt, a costly network of stores and the shift toward ecommerce.
Along with 126-year-old Sears, other retailers to file for bankruptcy protection last year included gifts seller Brookstone, makeup and jewelry seller Claire's, and shoestores Nine West and Rockport. In the first two months of 2019,, Full Beauty Brands, and Payless have declared bankruptcy.
Retail bankruptcies led to about 97,000 layoffs last year, the most of any sector, according to employment consulting firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas. Those job losses are likely to continue.
"Defaults will continue to dog issuers as the growing chasm between bigger, stronger issuers and small, more highly leveraged issuers intensifies," stated Moody's.
While the prediction is dire for the specific retailers, it's less dreary than in recent years for the industry as a whole. Moody's expects fewer players to default on their debt, and it points to positive results from big retailers like Walmart, Amazon, Costco and Target as supporting its view that "the larger well-capitalized retailers are continuing to perform well."
Here's a list of retailers Moody's says could be vulnerable this year:
- Guitar Center
- Bluestem Brands
- Moran Foods
- Beverages & More
- Pier 1 Imports
- J. Crew Group
- David's Bridal
- SHO Holding
- 99 Cents Only Stores
- Fresh Market
- Neiman Marcus Group
- Indira Holdings
- TOMS Shoes
- Fairway Group Holdings