LOS ANGELES (CBSLA) - While the new mask mandates goes into effect at 11:59 p.m. Saturday night, Los Angeles County continues to report growing numbers of new coronavirus cases, along with skyrocketing hospitalizations.
The county reported 1,827 new cases of COVID-19 and 11 additional deaths on Saturday. Health officials attributed the recent spike to the presence of the more infectious Delta variant and the intermingling of unmasked individuals where vaccination status is unknown.
Saturday's daily test positivity rate was 3.7%. On July 4, it was near 1.5% and on June 15, test positivity was near 0.5%.
Hospitalizations are also on the rise in LA, with county officials reporting a jump from 462 on Friday to 507 on Saturday. The number of patients in intensive care remained at 103.
The latest figures lifted the cumulative total from throughout the pandemic to 1,266,227 cases and 24,579 fatalities, according to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.
"Given the increased intermingling among unmasked people where vaccination status is unknown, the millions of people still unvaccinated, and the increased circulation of the highly transmissible Delta variant, we are seeing a rapid increase in COVID-19 infection," County Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer said. "The level of COVID-19 transmission we are currently experiencing is now leading to significant increases in serious illness and hospitalizations, and requires us to take immediate action to prevent erosion
of our recovery efforts. And while vaccinations are by far the most powerful tool we have, we are nowhere near herd immunity. While we continue efforts to increase vaccination coverage and build confidence in the vaccines, the simplest and most effective public health measure to add back is to require that everyone wear a mask in all indoor public places and businesses."
Sheriff Alex Villanueva is among officials who are not in favor of the mask-mandate return. Villanueva said Friday his deputies will not actively enforce the face-covering mandate, saying that his department is already under-funded and that the requirement that vaccinated people wear masks "is not backed by science and contradicts the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines."
The lone Republican county supervisor, Kathryn Barger, also criticized the mandate, saying it runs afoul of state and federal rules. Barger added that the county's new mandate won't help efforts "to stress the efficacy of the vaccines and compel unvaccinated residents to get vaccinated."
"By deviating from the state, we create confusion and disagreement at the local level, which hinders public trust and takes away from our primary messaging which should be to encourage individuals to get vaccinated with urgency given the spread of the Delta variant," Barger said.
Fellow board members Hilda Solis, Janice Hahn and Sheila Kuehl have come out in favor of the mandate.
"The county has chosen a reasonable response given that virtually everyone agrees requiring proof of vaccination status before entering buildings is unrealistic," Kuehl said. "This keeps businesses open but makes it less likely unvaccinated people will just skip masks and put us all at risk. Until we can lower community transmission again and get more Angelenos vaccinated, we all need to pitch in and keep from providing breeding grounds for even more variants."
Hahn echoed that sentiment, saying on Twitter: "Right now, unvaccinated people are required to wear masks indoors -- but they aren't and they are spreading this virus to other unvaccinated people."
Solis said Saturday that the new rule on face coverings was not tantamount to another lockdown.
"I want to emphasize that this indoor mask requirement does not stop us from enjoying all the great activities we have available through the county's re-opening," she said. "We can still go out and engage in indoor shopping, supporting our local restaurants through indoor dining, catching a great movie, and so much more."
The masking mandate was announced Thursday by county Health Officer Dr. Muntu Davis.
"We're not where we need to be for the millions at risk of infection here in Los Angeles County, and waiting to do something would be too late given what we're seeing now," Davis said.
Davis said the rate of virus spread in the county has officially risen from moderate to substantial, with infections five times more likely to occur among unvaccinated residents.
The county previously only recommended indoor mask-wearing by vaccinated people in an effort to slow the spread of the virus and protect unvaccinated residents. People who are unvaccinated have always been required to wear masks indoors, although enforcement was left up to individual business owners and was generally on the honor system.
The masking order will remain in place "until we see improvements" in case transmission, he said.
Asked if the county might consider re-implementing other health restrictions -- such as capacity limits and physical distancing, Davis said, "Everything is on the table if things continue to get worse."
The mandate means customers will again be required to mask up when entering any indoor public establishment, including retail shops, grocery stores, restaurants and workplaces. Davis said indoor dining will remain open, but customers will have to remain masked while they are not eating or drinking.
The city of Long Beach, which has its own health department separate from the county, announced Thursday night it will align with the county and also require indoor mask wearing for all. In a statement, Long Beach officials said the city has seen a 288% increase in average daily cases over the past two weeks. The city's average daily rate of new cases has risen to 7.5 per 100,000 residents, up from an average of only one per 100,000 residents on June 15.
Pasadena, which also has its own health agency, has not aligned with the county and will continue only recommending indoor masking. But the city is monitoring "COVID case rates in Pasadena and are reviewing options for a mandate."
(© Copyright 2021 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. City News Service contributed to this report.)
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