Last Updated Sep 12, 2018 9:04 AM EDT
Three researchers who studied the, have briefed the Joint Chiefs of Staff, amid growing interest by the Pentagon into the "attacks."
"We got a number of questions, all of them with regard to what could be going on, what's the nature of the stimulus, what was the nature of the damage, was this the only one like this, what other neuroweapons might be available," says Dr. James Giordano, chief of the Neuroethics Studies Program at the University of Georgetown.
Giordano said the Friday telebriefing with Joint Chiefs of Staff officials discussed the findings of new research on the American victims by him and his colleagues, University of Miami otolaryngologist Dr. Michael Hoffer and University of Pittsburgh otolaryngologist Dr. Carey Balaban.
"I think there was some interest in the idea of brain sciences as forming at least one vector to the new battle space that was of concern and of consideration," Giordano said.
All three researchers have previously done extensive work for the Defense Department. Hoffer was one of the first medical specialists selected by the State Department to evaluate the injured diplomats.
Defense Secretary James Mattis told Pentagon reporters Tuesday he does "get updated" on the investigation into the alleged attacks, but declined to comment further.
A spokesperson for the Joint Chiefs of Staff said the officials were "intrigued by the subject" for "general knowledge" but asked no questions, while others on the call including scientists did.
The U.S. has not publicly blamed anyone for the incidents, but says it's holding Cuba responsible for the safety of its diplomats. It also has made no announcements about the method used to carry out the attacks, but U.S. State Department officials have publicly acknowledged theories including the use of sound waves.
Victims have complained about hearing loss, sleeplessness, and cognitive issues. Doctors have found signs of brain concussions—without any evidence of trauma.
The three researchers evaluated the most likely causes of the injuries, but Giordano acknowledges there is no "smoking gun."
"The most likely culprit here would be some form of electromagnetic pulse generation and/or hypersonic generation that would then utilize the architecture of the skull to create something of an energetic amplifier or lens to induce a cavitational effect that would then induce the type of pathologic changes that would then induce the constellation of signs and symptoms that we're seeing in these patients," Giordano said.
According to one high level law enforcement source, the U.S. one suspected culprit for the attacks is the old-guard Cuba intelligence service, aided by Russia.
"The 800-pound gorilla in the room is the whodunit question, and that's a bit out of my sandbox," Giordano says. "But I think it becomes important to understand that this type of technology is technology that could not only be leveraged by a nation-state or a national actor but could also be used by non-national actors and/or individuals or rogue actors."
In a statement to CBS News Tuesday, White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said, "No determination has been made and the investigation is still ongoing."
Scientists, doctors, foreign affairs analysts and Cuba experts have all poked holes in every theory proposed or studied, with U.S. investigators coming up short on hard proof of any attack.
Cuba has used the absence of concrete evidence to reject accusations from the U.S. that the purported attacks even took place, saying the Trump administration made up the incidents to justify a dramatic reversal of what had been warming relations under the Obama administration.
On Friday, a day after top State Department officials testified to Congress about the investigation into the alleged attacks, Cuba's Ambassador to the U.S. Jose Ramon Cabanas tweeted, "It is evident that to attack #Cuba some people don't need any evidence. Next stop UFOs!!"
, where one U.S. embassy officer was confirmed injured. But the State Department has stopped short of calling it an "attack," as it has for the cases which took place in Cuba.
Katiana Krawchenko and Cami McCormick contributed to this report