Peace prize laureates accuse Myanmar leaders of genocide against Rohingya
DHAKA, Bangladesh -- Three peace prize laureates who met with Rohingya Muslims in sprawling refugee camps accused fellow Nobel recipient Aung San Suu Kyi and Myanmar's military of committing genocide in the deadly violence that forced hundreds of thousands to flee into Bangladesh.
Suu Kyi does not oversee her country's military or its security operations that set off the refugee exodus, but the laureates said as Myanmar's leader, she cannot avoid responsibility.
Tawakkol Karman of Yemen urged Suu Kyi to "wake up" or "face prosecution," and Northern Ireland's Mairead Maguire and Iran's Shirin Ebadi promised to work to bring those responsible to justice. The laureates spoke at a news conference in Dhaka on Wednesday during their weeklong trip to Bangladesh to visit the camps where the Rohingya are living.
All three were emotionally charged as they unanimously called the violence against Rohingya in Myanmar "genocide."
"There is no other definition, it is genocide, genocide against innocent people," Karman said. "Millions of people (have) been displaced from their cities, women (have) been raped, all the women, we met like 100 women, all of them (have) been raped."
She said they were overwhelmed as they talked to the children.
"Most of the children we met ... fled to Bangladesh without their families. Their fathers, their mothers (have) been killed, been murdered," Karman said.
Karman, one of three recipients of the 2011 prize for women's rights advocacy, said Suu Kyi should not be silent.
"She did not tell the truth to the world. She should stop her silence, she should wake up and stop this genocide," she said.
Some 700,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since late August, when Myanmar's military retaliated for deadly attacks by a Rohingya insurgent group. The government has denied atrocities and downplayed abuses in the face of extensive evidence.
"I don't think there's ethnic cleansing going on. I think ethnic cleansing is too strong an expression to use for what's happening," Suu Kyi told BBC News.
CBS News spoke with David Mathieson, an independent analyst who has lived and worked in the region for years, as part of the CBSN Originals documentary, "Weaponizing social media: The Rohingya crisis."
"What she has said has been really quite deplorable," Mathieson said. "She has denied the scale of this. She has questioned credible reports of really grave, serious crimes. ... It's contributed to dehumanizing the Rohingya, to whipping up ultra-nationalism and to degrading the relationship with the international community."
Maguire, who co-founded a Northern Ireland peace group and shared the 1976 prize, said the three laureates were looking for legal options to ensure justice. "We plan to take Myanmar's government to the International Court of Justice," she said.
Ebadi, who was Iran's first female judge and the 2003 Nobel laureate, blasted her native country and other Middle Eastern nations for not doing enough for the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic group long persecuted in Buddhist-majority Myanmar.
Ebadi said Myanmar was not a party to the statute that set up the ICC but could be referred to the court by the U.N. Security Council.
"We want this case to be discussed at the U.N. Security Council and there is sufficient evidence for this to take place," she said.
The laureates said they were willing to meet with Suu Kyi to convince her to stop the genocide and give Rohingya full rights, including citizenship. They said they got no response to earlier efforts but would again push to obtain visas to visit Myanmar and Rakhine state, where the security operations took place.
The laureates also met Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Wednesday and promised to work toward solving the crisis.
In November, Myanmar and Bangladesh signed an agreement to gradually repatriate Rohingya in "safety, security and dignity," but the process has been delayed in part because of security concerns.
Bangladesh says it will not repatriate any Rohingya against their will but wants the international community to continue to pressure Myanmar to create conditions for a sustainable repatriation.
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