How the decision to end DACA affects "Dreamers"

Last Updated Sep 5, 2017 4:12 PM EDT

The Trump administration announced Tuesday that it's ending the 2012 program that has deferred deportations for more than 780,000 people who came to the U.S. illegally as children.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions outlined the decision at a press conference at the Justice Department, arguing that the program, created by President Obama, is unconstitutional and was an executive branch overreach.

The acting secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, Elaine Duke, issued a memorandum Tuesday formally rescinding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and phasing it out. DHS is providing a six-month window in which it will adjudicate pending requests and will give Congress a chance to pass a legislative alternative. As a result, the program will end at different times for different people, expiring on a rolling basis.

How the decision will affect DACA recipients, according to senior DHS officials:

  • For any initial DACA requests and applications for Employment Authorization Documents (EADs) that have been received as of Tuesday, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will adjudicate them on an individual case-by-case basis.
  • USCIS will reject all initial DACA requests and associated EADs received after Tuesday.
  • For any requests for renewing DACA benefits and associated applications for EADs that have been received as of Tuesday, USCIS will adjudicate them on an individual, case-by-case basis.
  • For individuals whose DACA status expires between Tuesday and March 5, 2018, USCIS can still adjudicate their renewal requests, but only if they're received by Oct. 5, 2017.
  • If an individual's DACA protection expires March 6, 2018 (or a date thereafter) and he or she has not already submitted a renewal application, the individual would be subject to deportation on March 6, 2018 (or a date thereafter).
  • For any EADs that are lost, stolen or destroyed, USCIS will continue to process the replacement document for the remainder of duration that they're valid.

Senior DHS officials said that as part of Duke's memorandum, USCIS will close all pending applications for Advance Parole associated with the DACA program. Advance Parole is a permit that allows a non-citizen to reenter the U.S. after traveling abroad. For any previously approved Advance Parole, USCIS will honor the validity period, but if a person doesn't have a previously approved parole application and travels outside the U.S., officials said that person's departure would automatically terminate their deferred action under DACA, and Customs and Border Protection will likely not allow their reentry to the U.S.

How will this affect immigration enforcement?

Senior DHS officials said Tuesday that the administration's enforcement posture won't change. This means that for deportation, criminals who are undocumented will still be the priority, as well as illegal reentrants and people with outstanding orders of removal.

Officials said there are no plans to change their methodology to prioritize certain people, but they also said that there's no way of knowing what they'll be doing in six months, in part because they want to give Congress a chance to pass legislation. Officials said that they will not be issuing formal guidance that will outline how to treat DACA recipients after their benefits expire.

But the administration's policy, officials confirmed, is that anyone who is in the U.S. illegally should be prepared to no longer remain here.

Officials said that while DACA is being rescinded, USCIS will retain the immigration records records for recipients. They said that the government retains the histories of everyone who has passed through the system, and they don't destroy records for any type of benefit adjudicated.

Between August and December, 201,678 people are set to have their DACA and associated EADs expire, officials said. Of that group, 55,258 have pending requests for renewal that have been submitted to USCIS. Next year, officials said that more than 275,000 are set to have their DACA and EADs expire and more than 300,000 in 2019. 

CBS News' Arden Farhi contributed to this report.

  • Rebecca Shabad

    Rebecca Shabad is a video reporter for CBS News Digital.