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Billions In 9/11 Loans Botched

A golf course in Texas got $640,000 because people allegedly stayed home to watch television immediately after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 instead of playing golf. A dry cleaner in Florida got $420,000 because his business closed for several days after the attacks. And a tanning salon in Las Vegas that got $583,000 because the bank decided tourism was down.

In a program to help businesses after Sept. 11, a high percentage of government-backed loans went to recipients who appeared to be unqualified, some of them unaware they were receiving terrorism-recovery money, investigators report.

The Small Business Administration's inspector general said Wednesday that agency officials were at fault for telling lenders in the program that their determinations would not be questioned.

The inspector general concluded that only nine loan recipients in the 59 cases sampled appeared to be qualified for disaster loans.

The program in question was launched shortly after the Sept. 11 attacks on the theory that small businesses especially would be hurt by the disruption to the nation's economy, CBS News correspondent Jim Stewart reports. In fact, President Bush repeatedly cited small business recovery in speeches to the public in the aftermath of the attacks.

On Oct. 26, 2001, Mr. Bush said: "We've got SBA, the Small Business Administration, helping small businesses in the areas impacted by the attacks from the evil ones."

But lenders who handed out billions of dollars in loans failed, 85 percent of the time, to document that recipients were actually hurt by the terrorism attacks and therefore eligible for the aid under the law, the report found.

The investigative report substantiates key findings of an Associated Press story in September that found similar problems with the SBA's Supplementary Terrorist Activity Relief program.

The report found:

  • Only two of 42 borrowers interviewed were aware they had obtained a STAR loan.
  • In cases where eligibility could not be established, 25 of 34 borrowers interviewed said they were not adversely affected by the terrorist attacks.
  • Thirty-six of 42 borrowers questioned said they were not asked, or could not recall if they were asked, about the impact of the attacks on their businesses.

  • Previous media reports found that terrorism recovery loans went to a South Dakota radio station, a Virgin Islands perfume shop, a Utah dog boutique and more than 100 Dunkin' Donuts and Subway sandwich shops in various locations.

    Meanwhile, small businesses near Ground Zero in New York couldn't get the assistance they desperately sought.

    Stewart explains that some of the flaws in the program simply had to do with procedure. To make the loans work, the SBA cut the fee it charges banks for money under a special disaster relief program. Then it left it up to the banks to determine who should qualify for the loans.

    SBA Administrator Hector Barreto put the best face on the findings, saying the audit did not find that loan recipients were unqualified for the program, although he did note that lender documentation could have been better.

    His statement, however, was contradicted by the chairwoman of the Senate committee that oversees the SBA program.

    "These initial findings are troubling and the committee ... will continue with its own investigation of the STAR program to get at the truth and inform Congress for the future," said Sen. Olympia Snowe, R-Maine.

    Snowe, who heads the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, said if abuses are discovered, "many questions must be answered by the parties involved, beginning with: How and why was this allowed to happen?"

    The inspector general's report said the program ran into trouble after lenders initially did not participate because requirements were unclear.

    SBA officials then embarked on a vigorous marketing campaign, and lenders interpreted their remarks to mean "that every small business could claim it was somehow impacted by the attacks, and therefore, eligible to receive a STAR loan," the report said.

    "We believe these communications were intended to, and did, send a message to lenders that the Agency would not question lender eligibility determinations," the inspector general reported.

    The Small Business Administration has announced it will accept most of the audit's recommendations, and has alerted lenders that it will not honor its guarantee on defaulted loans that are missing the required documentation.