World Remembrance Low-Key

Pakistani students release doves Thursday, Sept. 11, 2003 in Islamabad, Pakistan to observe the second anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks on the United States.
Some planted trees to remember fallen compatriots. Others laid wreaths. Some simply mourned quietly as the strains of trumpets echoed over memorial services.

Across the world, people and governments marked the second anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks on Thursday with prayers, promises to continue fighting terrorism — and reflections on the changes that the 2001 attacks have wrought internationally.

In Baghdad, the U.S. administrator for Iraq and the commander of American forces in the country joined about 100 civilians and soldiers for a moment of silence Thursday at deposed leader Saddam Hussein's former Republican Palace in Baghdad.

L. Paul Bremer and Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez stood with the others to bow their heads as a Scottish bagpiper played "Amazing Grace."

"Let us attune our hearts to the voices crying out from the Sept. 11, 2001, compelling us to eradicate terrorism in our world and restore justice and dignity to creation," U.S. Army chaplain Col. Frank Wismer said.

No remembrances were planned in Paris by the U.S. Embassy, so French sources said it would be inappropriate for French authorities to initiate anything, reports CBS News Correspondent Elaine Cobbe.

In contrast to last year's memorial service at St. Paul's Cathedral, attended by many of the royal family and top government leaders, London's only official ceremony this year was to be held outside the U.S. embassy, reports CBS News Correspondent Steve Holt in London. There, Princess Anne was to dedicate a memorial garden featuring three bronze plaques, listing all 67 British victims. The garden includes a half-ton girder from ground zero, but it's buried beneath the garden, because it was felt displaying the twisted wreckage would be too upsetting for visitors.

In Australia, hundreds of expatriate Americans and volunteers gathered in a Sydney park to plant some 3,000 trees in remembrance of those who died in the attacks, among them at least 10 Australians.

"It's painful, but it's pain you have to lock away and get on with your life," said Antony Milne, a manager of the World Trade Center's Windows on the World restaurant who moved to Australia after the attacks. "If you allow yourself to stay permanently depressed then the terrorists have won."

Australian Prime Minister John Howard warned the battle against terrorists would not end anytime soon.

"This war against terrorism is likely to go on for years and nobody can regard themselves as beyond the reach of terrorism," Howard told Sky News Television. "We need to find ways of further cooperation, particularly at a police and intelligence level."

Howard spoke a day after an Indonesian court sentenced the convicted mastermind of last October's Bali bombings to face a firing squad.

The blasts killed 202 people, including 88 Australians, and was the worst terrorist strike since the Sept. 11 attacks in New York and Washington. Authorities have blamed the Bali bombings on the al Qaeda-linked Jemaah Islamiyah group.

In Israel, a country also preoccupied with its own terror troubles, a low-key memorial service was held in a Tel Aviv suburb to honor the New York firefighters lost on Sept. 11.

At the U.S. Embassy in the Philippines, U.S. Charge d' Affaires Joseph Mussomeli laid a wreath at the base of the mission's flagpole, where the U.S. flag was at half staff. Filipino soldiers played the trumpet as Mussomeli and an American soldier stood at attention.

At Yokosuka Naval Base just south of Tokyo, U.S. military personnel held a wreath-laying service.

Across Japan, people paid their respects at memorials to the thousands, including 24 Japanese, who perished.

"The threat of international terrorism still remains serious," Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuo Fukuda told reporters. "Japan will further strengthen cooperation with other countries and continue to tackle the problem."

Half of the Japanese who were killed worked for Fuji Bank — renamed Mizuho after a merger — which had 700 employees in the World Trade Center. Six Americans working for the bank died along with the 12 Japanese.

Yasushi Miyama, a Mizuho Financial Group spokesman, said memorials at his company would be personal.

In China's Muslim northwest, the regional Communist Party secretary seized the occasion of the Sept. 11 anniversary to warn that separatists in the country's Xinjiang region were getting training from international terrorists, including at "several training camps in Pakistan."

In South Korea, police beefed up security at airports, military bases and embassies. In Islamabad, Pakistani students released doves to note the anniversary.

In Malaysia's capital, Kuala Lumpur, people entering the world's tallest buildings, the Petronas Twin Towers, had their bags checked, but no extra security was in place Thursday.