Lawmakers in Washington State are proposing a bill that would no longer allow parents to cite philosophical or personal reasons for not vaccinating their child as the region battles aCurrently, 18 states allow those exemptions. The 56 confirmed cases in the Pacific Northwest have prompted the governor of Washington to declare a state of emergency.
Monica Stonier is the state representative for Clark County, Washington, the area hit hardest by the outbreak. In her county alone, there is currently 51 confirmed cases of the measles, and another 13 suspected.
"Right now, my city is the hotbed for this outbreak," Stonier said. "It certainly has reached a critical state in my county."
Stonier is now co-sponsoring a bipartisan House bill that would require "every child at every public and private school in the state and licensed day care center" to be vaccinated for "measles, mumps and rubella" unless they have a legitimate medical or religious exemption.
"We have a lot of research to support that the vaccination for measles is highly effective," Stonier said.
As of December, only 78 percent of the 6- to 18-year-olds in Clark County received their vaccine, which experts say is why the highly contagious disease is rapidly spreading.
Abigail Eckhart, a mother from Washington, refuses to vaccinate her youngest child because she says her middle child suffered significant behavioral and physical reactions after being vaccinated, including severe eczema and food allergies.
"If you would have asked me four years ago, I would have told you, yeah, every child needs their vaccines because," she said. "If I could go back, I wouldn't have vaccinated any of my kids."
According to the CDC, most people who get the vaccine "do not have any serious problems" and that "for every 1,000 children" who get the measles, "one or two" will die from it.
"The benefits of the vaccine greatly outweigh the risks," said Dan Salmon, the former director of vaccine safety for the Department of Health and Human Services. "It can cause common problems like otitis media or ear infections, so, you know, measles is a pretty big deal for young children."
Salmon, a professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, said that measles can cause lifelong complications. No one knows that better than Cecilia Rodriguez. In 1989, she was too young to be vaccinated when she contracted the German measles. She spent nine months in a coma, and almost died. Thirty years later, her eye sight, speech and hearing are still affected.
"It hasn't ended for me, it's become a lifetime experience for me," she said. "I do not want to go through that experience with my three beautiful children that I have."
Salmon said, in a way, vaccines are a victim of their own success, because most people have never seen the measles.
"People aren't afraid of what they haven't seen and what they don't know, and we'd like to keep it that way," Salmon said.
People on both sides of this issue will allowed to speak at what is expected to be a fiery hearing Friday in front of the House Committee on Health Care and Wellness. Stonier said the hearing will help them decide if the committee has enough votes to move forward.