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U.S., Iraqis Storm Baghdad Mosque

Iraqi forces, backed by U.S. soldiers, stormed one of the major Sunni Muslim mosques in Baghdad after Friday prayers, opening fire and killing at least three people, witnesses said. In the battle for control of Mosul, Iraqi forces raided several areas overnight, killing 15 insurgents and capturing at least 10 others, Iraqi and U.S. military officials said.

At least 40 people were arrested at the Abu Hanifa mosque in the capital's northwestern Azamiyah neighborhood, said the witnesses, who were members of the congregation. Another five people were wounded.

Troops in western Mosul found as many as a dozen beheaded corpses, according to the New York Times. Some are thought to have been punished for collaborating with Americans. The Times also reports that the bodies have not been examined nor moved, due to suspected booby-trapping.

In Fallujah, battles flared as troops hunted holdout insurgents, and one U.S. Marine and one Iraqi soldier were killed, U.S. officials said.

U.S. troops sweeping through the city west of Baghdad found what appeared to be a key command center of terror mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, along with a separate workshop where an SUV registered in Texas was being converted into a car bomb and a classroom containing flight plans and instructions on shooting down planes.

In other recent developments:

  • A suicide car bomber rammed into a police patrol setting up a checkpoint in Baghdad, killing one police officer and injuring as many as 10 other people, including police officers, authorities said.
  • U.S. and Iraqi forces arrested 104 suspected guerrillas in an insurgent neighborhood in central Baghdad, including nine who are believed to have fled Fallujah, Interior Ministry spokesman Sabah Khadim said.
  • In Haditha, northwest of Fallujah, militants blew up the mayor's office and the police command center. Leaflets warned anyone who "wears a police uniform or reports to a police station will be killed."
  • The extremist Ansar al-Sunnah Army, in a statement found Thursday on the Internet, threatened to attack polling stations and assassinate candidates in January's planned national elections because democracy is an "infidel" institution.
  • About 10 major relief organizations held an emergency meeting in Amman on Thursday to plan how to help up to 250,000 Iraqis who have fled Fallujah amid the fighting there and could need help in nearby village, said Astrid van Genderen Stort, spokeswoman for the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees.
  • Commanders in Iraq expect to expand their troops by several thousand as the January elections approach, the No. 2 commander of U.S. forces in the Middle East said Friday. Lt. Gen. Lance L. Smith told a Pentagon news conference that no final decisions have been made and that the size of the troop increase will depend in part on whether the insurgency grows or weakens in the aftermath of the Fallujah offensive. He estimated a brigade's worth, or 5,000 troops, would be necessary. Currently, there are about 138,000 U.S. troops in Iraq.

    It appeared the raid at Abu Hanifa mosque, long associated with anti-American activity, was part of the crackdown on Sunni clerical militants launched in parallel with military operations against the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

    On Thursday, the Iraqi government warned that Islamic clerics who incite violence will be considered as "participating in terrorism." A number of them already have been arrested, including several members of the Sunni clerical Association of Muslim Scholars, which spoke out against the U.S.-led offensive against Fallujah.

    "The government is determined to pursue those who incite acts of violence. A number of mosques' clerics who have publicly called for taking the path of violence have been arrested and will be legally tried," said Prime Minister Ayad Allawi's spokesman, Thair al-Naqeeb.

    At the Abu Hanifa mosque, U.S. troops were seen securing the outer perimeter and sealing it off. Some American soldiers also were seen inside the compound.

    Witnesses heard explosions coming from inside the mosque, apparently from stun grenades. Inside the office of the imam, books, including a Quran, and a computer were found scattered on the floor, and the furniture was turned upside down.

    At least 10 U.S. armored vehicles were parked at the mosque, along with two vehicles carrying about 40 Iraqi National Guards, witnesses said.

    Abu Hanifa mosque has long been associated with anti-American agitation and support for the former regime. Saddam Hussein was seen in the area as the city fell to American forces in April 2003, and U.S. Marines battled Saddam loyalists around the mosque on April 10, 2003, the day after the ousted ruler's statue was hauled down in Firdous Square.

    In western Mosul, Iraqi National Guard and a special police force raided several areas Thursday night, killing 15 insurgents and capturing 10 others, Deputy Gov. Khasro Gouran said.

    Three police officers also were killed Thursday when masked gunmen set up a checkpoint in eastern Mosul and shot them when they displayed identification, Gouran said.

    The raid on the al-Zaharawi hospital in Mosul — Iraq's third-largest city — was conducted by Iraqi commandos with the Ministry of the Interior's Special Police Force, backed by U.S. troops.

    Forces cordoned it off after getting information that insurgents were treating their wounded there, said Lt. Col. Paul Hastings with Task Force Olympia.

    U.S. forces from the 1st Battalion, 24th Infantry Regiment secured the area around the hospital, while Iraqi troops raided the building, detaining three suspected terrorists.

    Pictures were taken in the morgue of 23 bodies believed to have been those of terrorists, Hastings said.

    U.S. and Iraqi forces began a major military operation Tuesday to wrest control of Mosul after gunmen last week attacked police stations, bridges and political offices in apparent support of Fallujah guerrillas.

    On Friday, three of the city's five bridges were reopened to traffic and most of the city remained calm, though U.S. forces came under some "indirect fire" that caused no injuries, Hastings said.

    During a routine patrol, U.S. forces also found burned ballot materials inside a Mosul warehouse after a tip by an Iraqi security officer. Efforts are underway to replace the materials for the January elections.

    Iraq is slated to hold national elections by Jan. 31 to elect a 275-member assembly in what is expected to be a major step toward building democracy.

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