To understand Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-Maryland), the new chairman of the House Oversight and Reform Committee with the power to investigate and subpoena the Trump administration, is to recognize the humble upbringing and life lessons that have shaped his worldview.
Cummings talked with correspondent Steve Kroft about his childhood in Baltimore. His parents moved to the city before he was born because they wanted their children to have a better life. Sharecroppers from South Carolina, his parents had been taken out of school in the fourth grade to plow fields and to pick tobacco and strawberries. In Baltimore, the seven children and two adults lived in a three-room house.
"My life is based on pain, passion, and purpose," Cummings told Kroft.
Lessons at the airport
From an early age, Cummings' parents instilled in him a belief that he could achieve new things.
"My mom and dad, although they may not have had a lot of formal education, they were two of the most brilliant people that I know," Cummings told Kroft. "They were always looking for teaching opportunities."
In the clip above, Cummings describes one such occasion. Every few weeks, he put on a tie and shined his shoes, and his father packed the family in the car. They drove to the airport, not to leave town, but simply to watch the planes take off.
"Every time, as if he did not remember that he had said it before, he said, 'I have not flied, I may not fly, but you will fly one day,'" Cummings recalled. "He said, 'We can't afford it right now, but you will fly.' And he meant that. And we flew."
As a child, Cummings was assigned to special-education classes. He told Kroft he knew he could achieve more.
"I said, 'I feel like a caged bird. I feel like I'm locked in,'" he remembered.
A sixth-grade teacher tutored Cummings and sent him to the local library to study even more. Cummings said that library was the only integrated institution in his neighborhood, and that the people who helped him the most were the librarians, who were white.
"I try to remind people that there are a lot of good people, all colors," he said. "Then there's some bad ones, too. But there's a lot of good people who really care."
Cummings eventually won Phi Beta Kappa honors at Howard University before earning a law degree from the University of Maryland School of Law.
Impatient for a better day
Cummings is not a patient man. It's a lesson he learned from his late grandmother, who imparted her mindset shortly before she died. White people, she told him, had been telling African American to wait—and he shouldn't.
"She says, 'Your daddy, he been waiting and waiting and waiting for a better day,'" Cummings recalled. "She said, 'He's going to wait, and he's going to die.' She said, 'Don't you wait.'"
Now in his late-60s, Cummings said that, while he looks into the future, he also reflects on his life.
"I realized that with African American people, where we've been blocked from being all that God meant for us to be, I don't have time to be patient," he said.
His father's tears
For Cummings' father, the wait paid off: he lived to see his son elected to Congress. Cummings told Kroft that, as then-Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich swore him in, he looked over to see his father crying.
When he asked his father about his emotion, his father pointed out that the Capitol Building where Cummings would join Congress was the same building where African-Americans had been referred to as three-fifths of a man, the same place where past politicians debated slavery.
Cummings recalled what his father told him next: "He said, 'When I think about you being sworn in today,' he said, 'now I see what I could've been if I had had an opportunity.'"
To watch Steve Kroft's interview with Rep. Elijah Cummings,
The videos above were edited by Lisa Orlando.