Like many of her neighbors, Ramsay couldn't find a contractor to repair her storm-damaged home after Hurricane Katrina. So the 55-year-old took matters into her own hands and enrolled in a monthlong, government-sponsored crash course in construction.
Not only did she learn how to repair her Long Beach, Miss., trailer home, she's also padding her regular income by installing drywall for other homeowners.
"I like being out there, helping people rebuild," she said. "And I'm making money on top of it."
With tens of thousands of homes still in ruins a year after Katrina, the construction trade here needs many more newcomers like Ramsay. A shortage of workers — compounded by an acute shortage of places to house them — is making it impossible for contractors to meet the overwhelming demand for builders, plumbers, electricians and other skilled laborers.
The shortage also has left many Katrina victims vulnerable to price gouging and scams by unscrupulous contractors.
The problems promise to grow worse in the coming months, as thousands of homeowners in Mississippi and Louisiana are set to receive hundreds of millions in government grants to pay for rebuilding.
"People realize the next struggle they're going to face is to find a contractor," said Andy Kopplin, executive director of the Louisiana Recovery Authority. "They may not recognize how difficult it's going to be, but they're cognizant of it."
George and Janet Meaut are painfully aware of the shortage. They used to be the envy of their Biloxi neighbors, the first on the block to start rebuilding after Katrina's flood waters hit. That was before the couple lined up contractors to handle the repairs.
Two of the contractors they hired skipped town — with their money — before finishing the job. Unable to find affordable replacements, the couple worries they'll be the last of their neighbors to move out of a government-issued trailer and back into their home.
"All the reliable ones are taken. They're booked up," said George Meaut, 52. "We're doing a lot of this ourselves because we can't find a contractor."
The Meauts are installing their own kitchen cabinets and tiling their bathroom and kitchen floors, but they don't have enough money left for other jobs. They couldn't afford a plumber, for instance, even if they could find one.
"We should have been back in our home by now," Janet Meaut said.