Creating a pathway to
citizenship for undocumented immigrants has long been seen as the keystone of
comprehensive immigration reform efforts, but according to two new surveys from the Pew Research Center, Hispanic and Asian-Americans
are more concerned about addressing the threat of deportation.
By a margin of 55 to 35 percent, Hispanics said that allowing immigrants to live and work in the United States without the specter of deportation hanging over their heads is more important than creating a pathway to citizenship for those immigrants. By a smaller margin – 49 to 44 percent – Asian-Americans agreed.
Robust majorities of both groups – 89 percent of Hispanics and 72 percent of Asian-Americans – still expressed support for a pathway to citizenship, so that provision hasn’t slipped too far down the wish-list. Still, the numbers could color the immigration reform debate that has roiled Congress for months and will continue into 2014.
Democrats and a handful of Republicans have earned plaudits from Hispanics and Asian-Americans due to their support for a pathway to citizenship, but the record pace of deportations over the last 5 years has diminished that ardor to a degree. Since 2009, President Obama’s administration has deported roughly 400,000 immigrants annually.
In November, during a speech about immigration, the president was interrupted by a shouting student named Ju Hong who demanded he use his executive authority to end all deportations that could separate families. The president said he respected Hong’s passion but added that only Congress can ultimately resolve the question of how to handle undocumented immigrants.
“What I’m proposing is the harder path which is to use our democratic processes to achieve the same goal that you want to achieve, but it won’t be as easy as just shouting,” he said.
The Senate passed a bipartisan immigration reform bill in June that would
extend a 13-year pathway to citizenship to the roughly 12 million undocumented
immigrants who live in the U.S. The House has declined to take up the Senate’s
bill, but legislative action in that chamber has stalled as the two parties have
pulled the debate in different directions.
Democrats have pressed Republican leaders to schedule a vote on a similar
comprehensive proposal so that the two chambers can confer on a final bill, but
Republican leaders, wary of an insurrection among their rank-and-file, have
said they would prefer to legislate reform in increments.
Among the GOP’s biggest problems with the Senate bill is its inclusion of a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, a proposal criticized by some as amnesty for lawbreakers. To address that objection, Rep. Bob Goodlatte, R-Va., who chairs the House Judiciary Committee, has offered a substitute proposal that would confer legal permanent residency – but not citizenship – on those who came to the U.S. illegally.
According to Pew, a
plurality of both groups – 43 percent of Hispanics and 48 percent of
Asian-Americans – would heap most of the blame on Republicans in Congress if
immigration reform continues to falter. 34 percent of Hispanics and 29 percent
of Asian-Americans would mostly blame Democrats and the president.
Pew’s poll of Hispanics surveyed 701 adults between Oct. 16 and Nov. 3, and it has a margin of error of plus or minus 4.4 percent. The poll of Asian-Americans surveyed 802 adults between Oct. 16 and 31, and it has a margin of error of plus or minus 5 percent.