The controversial four-page memo created by Republican staffers on the House Intelligence Committee alleging abuse of surveillance authority by the Justice Department and FBI has been released Friday after being declassified by the president. The memo is unredacted.
A White House official told CBS News "there is no conversation or consideration about firing (Deputy Attorney General) Rod Rosenstein," following the memo's release.
Read the full memo text below or download the full memo as a PDF here:
What does the memo say?
- The gist of it: CBS News' Jeff Pegues reports that the memo focuses in part on the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) warrants that authorized the surveillance of former Trump campaign foreign policy adviser
- The details: The memo claims that on Oct. 21, 2016 the DOJ and FBI sought and received a FISA probable cause order authorizing electronic surveillance on Page. The FBI and DOJ obtained three FISA warrants targeting Page and three FISA renewals, according to the memo. Then-FBI Director James Comey signed three FISA applications in question on behalf of the FBI, and Deputy Director Andrew McCabe signed one, according to the memo. The memo says then-Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates, then-Acting Deputy Attorney General Dana Boente, and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein each signed one or more FISA applications on behalf of the DOJ.
- That's where the dossier — containing information compiled by former British spy
- "The initial FISA application notes Steele was working for a named U.S. person, but does not name Fusion GPS and principal Glenn Simpson, who was paid by a U.S. law firm (Perkins Coie) representing the DNC (even though it was known by DOJ at the time that political actors were involved with the Steele dossier.) The application does not mention Steele was ultimately working on behalf of — and paid by — the DNC and the Clinton campaign, or that the FBI had separately authorized payment to Steele for the same information," the memo claims.
- The memo also claims that, before and after Steele was terminated as a source, he kept in touch with the DOJ through then-Associate Deputy Attorney General Bruce Ohr. Ohr, who worked closely with Yates then Rosenstein, eventually spoke with the FBI about his communications with Steele. In September 2016, Steele apparently told Ohr he was "'desperate that Donald Trump not get elected and was passionate about him not being president,'" according to the memo. The memo also notes Ohr's wife worked for Fusion GPS to help with the opposition research against Trump, something the memo claims was not disclosed.
- The memo also claims that McCabe testified before the House Intelligence Committee in December 2017 that no surveillance warrant would have been sought without the Steele dossier information. But there is no direct quote from McCabe's (behind-closed-doors) testimony.
- The memo also alleges information about
What does the memo not say?
- The memo does not appear to allege any violation of federal law. The memo also does not claim the Russia investigation was begun because of the dossier.
- The memo also does not immediately appear to disclose information that seriously compromises national security, or law enforcement methods, as Democrats had feared. Senior law enforcement officials told CBS News' Paula Reid nothing in the memo seems detrimental to national security. (There could, however, be longer-term concerns about faith in the FBI, or the willingness of the intelligence community to share information with congressional committees, after Congress released this memo.)
What are the key takeaways from the memo?
- Papadopoulos' words and actions triggered the investigation — the memo does not indicate the dossier did
- The memo's claim that the surveillance warrant would not have been sought without the dossier and Steele's information
- Who was involved in the FISA warrant approvals, and when
- That the funding source for the dossier was apparently not included in the FISA applications
- It's still unclear exactly what role the dossier played in the FISA warrant applications
How are people reacting to the memo's release?
- Attorney General Jeff Sessions offered the following statement: "Congress has made inquiries concerning an issue of great importance for the country and concerns have been raised about the Department's performance. I have great confidence in the men and women of this department. But no department is perfect. Accordingly, I will forward to appropriate DOJ components all information I receive from Congress regarding this. I am determined that we will fully and fairly ascertain the truth. We work for the American people and are accountable to them and those they have elected. We will meet that responsibility."
- Page gave this response to the release of the memo to the media: "The brave and assiduous oversight by congressional leaders in discovering this unprecedented abuse of process represents a giant, historic leap in the repair of America's democracy. Now that a few of the misdeeds against the Trump movement have been partially revealed, I look forward to updating my pending legal action in opposition to DOJ this weekend in preparation for Monday's next small step on the long, potholed road toward helping to restore law and order in our great country."
- Vice President Mike Pence said this about the memo in an interview with a local NBC affiliate PXI in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: "Let me say that I've had a chance to see the memo and our administration believes the memo raises serious concerns about the integrity of the decisions that were made at the highest level of the Department of Justice and the FBI. That being said, this president has made clear: We have great respect for the rank-and-file men and women of law enforcement, in our justice department and the FBI who serve everyday. But we're going to continue to work with Congress to practice transparency, to get all this information out before the American people."
- In a tweet, Comey called the memo "dishonest and misleading."
What were the objections to its release?
The release came against strong objections from the intelligence community. On Wednesday, the FBI issued a rare statement warning against the memo's release, saying incompletely information in theFBI Director Christopher Wray also objected to the memo's release, and, along with Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein, asked White House chief of staff John Kelly not to allow its release.
Democrats have expressed concern that Republicans are using the memo to undermine the credibility of the FBI and DOJ as Mueller investigates Russian election meddling and any ties to Russia.
The House Intelligence Committee voted along party lines Monday night to release the memo, allowing the White House up to five days to object to its release. But Kelly had indicated Wednesday morning in an interview with Fox News Radio that the memo would be released, and President Trump, after his first State of the Union address Tuesday night, said he agreed "100 percent" that the memo should be released.
What questions remain now that the memo is out?
- Will there be other, similar releases?
- To what extent was the dossier information used in the FISA warrant applications?
- Will the FBI respond?
- Will the Democratic memo, a rebuttal of sorts to the GOP memo, be released? (Republicans voted against releasing it on Monday.)
This is a developing story and will be updated.
CBS News' Jeff Pegues, Caroline Horn and Andres Triay contributed to this report.