From jazz to hip-hop, New Orleans has played an important role in the development of American music. Because of its rich history, it holds a special place in the hearts of musicians from all over the world.
When Hurricane Katrina devastated the region, musicians sprung into action – donating money, holding auctions and organizing benefit concerts.
Katrina hit on Aug. 29, 2005 and only a few days later, on September 2, musicians and celebrities from film and television gathered for a telethon called "A Concert For Hurricane Relief" which aired on NBC, CNBC, MSN and Pax.
The event included performances by New Orleans natives Harry Connick, Jr., Wynton Marsalis, Aaron Neville, Louisiana-born Tim McGraw, and Missippi native Faith Hill. In between performances, celebrities urged people to call in and donate money to the American Red Cross.
"A Concert For Hurricane Relief" received pledges totaling more than $50 million.
On Sept. 9, ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox, UPN, the WB and several cable networks, aired another telethon, "Shelter From The Storm: A Concert For The Gulf Coast." Viewers in nearly 100 countries were able to watch the telethon and performances by Bono, Mary J. Blige, Kelly Clarkson, Dr. John, Neil Young, Foo Fighters, Mariah Carey, Paul Simon, and Garth Brooks among others.
Approximately $30 million was pledged for the American Red Cross and the Salvation Army.
BET received $11 million in pledges from its telethon, "Saving Ourselves (SOS)," which featured performances by Diddy, Jay-Z, Patti Labelle, Mary J. Blige, Alicia Keys, and Eryakah Badhu.
During the telethon, rapper Lil' Jon presented a check for $250,000; Queen Latifah donated $100,000; and Russell and Kimorah Lee Simmons donated $100,000.
On Sept. 10, VH1, MTV, and CMT held their telethon with performances by Usher, Green Day, Ludacris, Alicia Keys, Usher, Dave Matthews Band, Rob Thomas, John Mellencamp, Gretchen Wilson and many others.
On Sept. 17, Wynton Marsalis, Bill Cosby, Elvis Costello and Diana Krall performed at the Higher Ground Hurricane Relief Benefit Concert for Jazz at Lincoln Center in New York. The event was simulcast on National Public Radio and XM Satellite Radio.
Four years after receiving an outpouring of support and donations following the events of Sept. 11, New York had a chance to give back with "From The Big Apple To The Big Easy," a live concert that featured Cyndi Lauper, Elton John, Lenny Kravitz, Buckwheat Zydeco, Bette Midler and many others.
The Great American Country channel aired "Concert at the Grand Ole Opry on Sept. 27, with Alan Jackson, Alison Krauss, Keith Urban, Marty Stuart and others.
Many of the concerts were released on DVD with proceeds going to charity.
Several artists contributed songs to compilation albums, or gave proceeds from their own albums to charity.
EMI Group, SONYBMG, Universal Music Group, Warner Music Group and Concord Music Group jointly released the compilation "Hurricane Relief: Come Together Now" in November. The album contains songs from a star-studded list of artists including Louis Armstrong, Dr. John and Fats Domino. Coldplay, Norah Jones, Wyclef Jean, John Mayer, James Brown, Aaron Neville, Bonnie Raitt, R. Kelly, Barbra Streisand and Elton John.
Other compilations included "Hip Hop Helps: After The Storm" with Young Buck, Lil Flip, David Banner; "Hurricane Katrina: We Gon' Bounce Back" featuring Master P, Paul Wall, and Krazy; and "I Believe To My Soul" featuring soul legends Ann Peebles, Billy Preston, Mavis Staples, Irma Thomas and Allen Toussaint..
Steve Wonder and Prince are among the artists who released singles with a portion of record sales going to charity.
In addition to lending their voices to the cause, musicians donated funds and rolled up their sleeves to help clean up after the storm.
Ludacris donated $100,000 in support of hurricane victims, with some of the money going to provide 15 families affected by the storm with housing, food and help getting jobs.
Hilary Duff donated $200,000 to the American Red Cross and $50,000 to USA Harvest. She also encouraged fans to bring canned food donations to her concerts.
Celine Dion donated $1 million to the American Red Cross as did the Rolling Stones.
Paul Simon visited Biloxi, Mississippi on Sept. 5 to launch an organization that provided medical aid.
Dave Matthews Band donated around $1.5 million from a concert on Sept. 12 at Denver's Red Rocks Amphitheater to the American Red Cross.
Eminem donated $200,000 to the American Red Cross.
Rapper T.I. helped raise $263,000 during an Atlanta radio telethon, including $50,000 of his own money.
Rapper Young Jeezy opened up his mansion in Atlanta to shelter disaster victims, and Bo Bice invited a family to stay in his Alabama home.
The Game donated his Bentley — worth more than $250,000 — to Morgan Freeman's Charity Folks auction benefiting the American Red Cross.
Jay-Z and Diddy donated a combined $1 million to the American Red Cross and sent large amounts of clothing to hurricane survivors from their signature labels Roc-A-Wear and Sean John respectively.
Britney Spears donated grants through her foundation to Habitat For Humanity and the East Baton Rouge School System.
Spears also went to New Orleans in February for Mardi Gras where she visited a school in suburban Matairie, and took four girls from New Orleans shopping and to dine at one of Cajun chef Emeril's restaurants.
On Sept. 4, singer Macy Gray went to the Houston Astrodome where she handed out clothing and toiletries to hurricane survivors who had fled to Texas.
New Orleans native Harry Connick visited the Superdome to speak to victims shortly after the hurricane. In addition, Connick helped organize the NBC-sponsored benefit "A Concert for Hurricane Relief," and was named honorary chairman for Habitat for Humanity's "Operation Home Delivery."
Connick teamed up with musician Branford Marsalis and Habitat for Humanity to create affordable housing for musicians of modest means in the area.
In June, 2006, Usher traveled to New Orleans where he joined dozens of volunteers to clear the overgrown lawn of the International School of Louisiana, the state's first foreign language-based charter school, which has been closed since Katrina hit Aug. 29.
Of course, musicians weren't the only celebrities that rose to the occasion. Dozens of actors participated in the telethons, making pleas for donations in between the musical performances.
Jay Leno asked guests to autograph a Harley-Davidson that was eventually auctioned for over $500,000. .
Jamie Foxx, Jada Pinkett Smith, Julia Roberts, John Travolta and Oprah Winfrey all visited the area bringing supplies and comforting victims.
Winfrey also donated $10 million to relief funds.
Reese Witherspoon, Jennifer Garner and Cicely Tyson joined a group of women brought to the area by the Children's Defense Fund to bring attention to the needs of storm victims, particularly traumatized children.
Many stars contributed items for Oscar winning actor Morgan Freeman's online auction on CharityFolks.com.
Ellen Degeneres, who was born and raised near New Orleans and attended New Orleans University, was a tireless fundraiser for relief efforts. She raised over $10 million from individual and corporate sponsors.
Veteran fundraiser Jerry Lewis earmarked $1 million of funds raised for the Muscular Dystrophy Association to go to the Salvation Army's disaster relief fund.
There were other celebrities too numerous to mention who donated their time and funds to help victims of the Gulf Coast hurricanes. For many, being able to help was an emotionally powerful experience.
"It is very humbling, but I loved every second of it," Macy Gray told the Associated Press, speaking about her visit to the Astrodome. "It was really gratifying and I had a great time."
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