Hurricane evacuees seeking food stamps in Texas started as a trickle and quickly turned into a torrent — eight applications the first day mushroomed to more than 26,000 within four days. To varying degrees, the same story is playing out around America as state and local governments take in Gulf Coast refugees by the thousands, taxing social programs that in many cases already were stretched thin.
Minnesota, already working to absorb a wave of roughly 5,000 Hmong refugees from Laos, is preparing for up to 3,000 Katrina victims while still feeling budget cuts in health assistance and job training that have taken effect since 2001.
"We're not what we were five years ago," said Marcia Avner of the Minnesota Council of Non-Profits. "And the reality is, private charity cannot make up the difference."
In Oklahoma, Gov. Brad Henry spoke for many Tuesday when he talked of a desire to be helpful tempered by the concern that "we don't want to stretch ourselves too thin."
In many places, concerns about cost were taking a back seat to the impulse to help, at least for now.
San Francisco was moving ahead with plans to house at least 300 Katrina evacuees despite warnings that the city could lose out on federal money by responding too quickly to a Red Cross request for help.
That thought was echoed across the country, in South Carolina, which prepared to take in as many as 18,000 refugees.
"The cost associated with this is kind of secondary at the moment," said Chris Drummond, a spokesman for Gov. Mark Sanford, adding that the state still remembers the help it got when hit by Hurricane Hugo in 1989. "We're going to return the favor."
CBS News Correspondent Mark Strassmann reports that many evacuees are leaving New Orleans and are planning on never returning.
Strassmann reports that in a bus depot in Baton Rouge, La., evacuees fill every outbound seat — 3,000 people a day headed to Texas, Florida — anywhere.
At the Astrodome in Texas, CBS News Correspondent Michelle Miller reports that people are frustrated and anxious to
But to even to just deal with migration in the short term, states are counting on significant help from the federal government, which approved a $10.5 billion down payment for hurricane relief last week. Congress is likely to approve far more in the days ahead, including assistance targeted for housing, health care, education and other needs.
Texas expects the Federal Emergency Management Agency "to reimburse us 100 percent for everything," said Robert Black, a spokesman for Gov. Rick Perry.
But the notion that Washington would pick up the tab for all hurricane-related costs seemed a bit rosy.
Ron Pollack, director of the health care advocacy group Families USA, said that before Katrina hit, Congress had been considering cutbacks in Medicaid "which will make a very bad situation a whole lot worse" if they come to pass.
Likewise, there are federal housing programs in place, but even before Katrina only a third of people eligible for assistance were being served, said Stacy Dean of the private Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. There are federal job-training programs, too, she said, but "the dollars are far too short to deal with the demand."
Federal Emergency Management Agency spokeswoman Mary Margaret Walker said Tuesday that 317,186 households had registered so far for state and federal disaster assistance. The agency is registering about 50,000 people per day.
School districts nationwide have begun enrolling students displaced by the hurricane, despite logistical and financial strains, hoping they will receive aid and leniency from state and federal education leaders. President George W. Bush said the government is working on a plan under which the federal government can help the states pay for bills.
"I'm confident that this government of ours will be able to help the local school districts," Bush said.
Dean said the willingness to help so far has been fabulous, but she added, "The states' generosity is going to run out as their coffers empty" even if their desire to help continues.
"It will place an enormous strain on their social services," she said. "It's vital that governors speak up and ask for the federal financial support they'll need."
Charities, too, are being asked to help take up the slack.
In Georgia, which has 5,000 evacuees, Gov. Sonny Perdue is taping an appeal for help that will go to churches statewide. In Washington state, King County Executive Ron Sims spoke of the "enormous task" ahead.
"We're going to ask the public to work with us because that's going to be absolutely critical," he said. "Faith-based communities are going to be absolutely essential to provide housing and clothing and places for people to live."
Dean, cautioned, however, that while charities have an extraordinary ability to act quickly in an emergency, "their capacity and resources will be drained almost immediately. This is truly something that government has to deal with."