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Japanese space probe Hayabusa2 drops explosive onto asteroid Ryugu, apparently making crater to collect samples from underground

Japan Asteroid Probe
Computer graphics image released by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) shows Hayabusa2 spacecraft above asteroid Ryugu AP

Tokyo -- Japan's space agency said an explosive dropped Friday from its Hayabusa2 spacecraft successfully blasted the surface of an asteroid for the first time to form a crater and pave the way for the collection of underground samples for possible clues to the origin of the solar system.

Friday's mission was the riskiest for Hayabusa2 because it had to immediately move away so it wouldn't get hit by flying shards from the blast.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA, said Hayabusa2 dropped a small explosive box that sent a copper ball the size of a baseball slamming into the asteroid, and that data confirmed the spacecraft had safely evacuated and remained intact. JAXA later confirmed the impact from images transmitted from a camera behind left by the spacecraft that showed the impactor being released and debris later spraying from a spot on the asteroid.

"The mission was a success," JAXA project manager Yuichi Tsuda said. "It is highly likely to have made a crater."

JAXA plans to send Hayabusa2, which was moved to the other side of the asteroid, back to the site after dust and debris settle for observations and to collect samples of material from the new crater that was unexposed to the sun or space rays. Scientists hope the samples will help them understand the history of the solar system, since asteroids are left over material from its formation.

Hayabusa 2 space probe is seen after it landed on the Ryugu asteroid, in this handout image released by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Hayabusa 2 space probe is seen after it landed on the Ryugu asteroid, in image taken by ONC-W1, in this handout image released by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency on February 22, 2019 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),Tokyo University, Kochi University, Rikkyo University, Nagoya University,Chiba Institute of Technology, Meiji University, Aizu University, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology / Handout

No such samples have been recovered. In a 2005 "deep impact" mission to a comet, NASA observed fragments after blasting the surface but did not collect them.

"So far, Hayabusa2 has done everything as planned, and we are delighted," mission leader Makoto Yoshikawa said earlier Friday. "But we still have more missions to achieve and it's too early for us to celebrate."

Hayabusa2 successfully touched down on a small level area on the boulder-strewn asteroid in February, when it also collected some surface dust and small debris. 

The craft is scheduled to leave the asteroid at the end of 2019 and bring the surface fragments and underground samples back to Earth in late 2020.

The asteroid, named Ryugu after an undersea palace in a Japanese folktale, is about 180 million miles from Earth. 

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