Iraq will seal its borders, extend a curfew and restrict movement to protect voters during the Jan. 30 election, officials announced Tuesday after the latest major insurgent attack — a suicide bombing that killed two people outside the offices of a leading Shiite political party.
President Bush spoke Tuesday morning with Iraqi interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, the latest in a series of conversation between the two leaders on Iraq's efforts to ensure maximum participation in the election.
As CBS News Correspondent David Hawkins reports, U.S. military officials say that of the 18 Iraqi provinces, four are too unsafe for democratic elections to take place. But those four provinces contain 40 to 45 percent of Iraq's population.
Amid the insurgent campaign to ruin the vote, a Catholic archbishop kidnapped by gunmen in the northern city of Mosul was released Tuesday, a day after his abduction. The Vatican had called his abduction a "terrorist act."
Such acts might become more frequent after the election — especially if Sunnis don't turn out and are under-represented in the National Assembly. One Iraqi interior minister told Hawkins that Sunni an Assembly imbalance could lead to a civil war.
In other developments:
Iraqi police officials reported the bomber and two others were dead and nine people were injured, including three police. "SCIRI will not be frightened by such an act," party spokesman Ridha Jawad said. "SCIRI will continue the march toward building Iraq, establishing justice and holding the elections."
"I'm happy to have returned to the bishop's office," Casmoussa told Vatican Radio. "I can say that I wasn't mistreated."
The Independent Electoral Commission announced that the country's international borders would be closed from Jan. 29 until Jan. 31, except for Muslim pilgrims returning from the hajj in Saudi Arabia.
Iraqis also will be barred from traveling between provinces and a nighttime curfew will be imposed during the same period, according to a statement from the commission's Farid Ayar.
Such measures had been expected because of the grave security threat. U.S. and Iraqi authorities are hoping to encourage a substantial turnout but fear that if most Sunnis stay away from the polls, the legitimacy of the new government will be in doubt.
"We want to make sure that the Iraqis have the best possible election, that as many people in Iraq who want to, are able to participate in the election process," White House spokesman Scott McClellan said. "Prime Minister Allawi has been doing a lot of outreach to sectors throughout the country to encourage broad participation in the elections, and the fact that we're moving forward on elections is a significant achievement."
Iraq's interior minister warned that if the country's Sunni Arab minority bows to rebel threats and stays away from the polls, the nation could descend into civil war.
Falah Hassan al-Naqib, a Sunni, told reporters he expects Sunni insurgents to escalate attacks before the election, especially in the Baghdad area. Voters are to choose a new 275-member National Assembly.
"If any group does not participate in the elections, it will constitute treason," al-Naqib said, adding that "boycotting the elections will not produce a National Assembly that represents the Iraqi people" but will cause "a civil war that will divide the country."
Allawi said he will boost the country's armed forces with 70,000 more troops in an effort to take over more security tasks from U.S.-led forces. He said the forces would be "equipped with the most advanced weapons."
A video delivered to several news organizations showed eight Chinese captives in front of a small, mud brick building. The men displayed their passports for the camera and were flanked by two gunmen with headscarves wrapped around their faces.
In a handwritten note delivered with the tape, an insurgent group calling itself the al-Numan Brigades said it abducted the men as they were leaving the country.
"After interrogation, we found that they are working for a Chinese construction company that is working inside American sites in Iraq," the note said.
The note indicated the group might release the hostages because China did not participate in the war.