A school provides an example of their suffering. Although ethnically mixed -- Serb and Albanian - the students are separated, going to class on different floors and calling the school by different names.
Albanians learn English and have no lessons at all in Serb. The Serb kids get the better facilities and study Russian. The teachers blame it all on politics.
"All children don't hate. Don't hate," says Albanian teacher Mihane Xhemajliu. "We like to play, to learn. But not any more."
Despite the tension, others argue that a divided school is better than no school at all.
Tens of thousands of ethnic Albanian children have had no education for months and stand little chance of returning to class for months to come, a loss in their lives that may never be replaced.
No school doesn't mean a holiday, however. Instead of reading, writing and arithmetic, children learn the basic rules of survival as a refugee.
Home safety includes checking the plastic tent for poisonous snakes seeking warmth. In their playtime, some little boys might dream of being farmers like their fathers. But the current role models are guerrillas with guns - not a surprise when Serbs with guns have been patrolling the Yugoslavian province.
Kosovo's ethnic Albanians have the highest birth rate in Europe - a statistic that Serbs see as a threat. For Serbs and Albanians alike, the price of intolerance is a squandered future for their children.
Reported By Allen Pizzey