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Egypt Diplomat Abducted In Iraq

Egypt's top envoy to post-Saddam Hussein Iraq was kidnapped in Baghdad just weeks after arriving in the war-torn country, Egyptian diplomats said Sunday.

Two diplomats, speaking in Cairo and Baghdad on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue, said Ihab al-Sherif was kidnapped late Saturday in the Iraqi capital.

The Egyptian Foreign Ministry confirmed the diplomat was missing and said "contacts are underway with the Iraqi government and all other sides to clear up the truth about the disappearance of ambassador Ihab al-Sherif."

Al-Sherif, 51, was taken Saturday night by about eight gunmen after he stopped to buy a newspaper in western Baghdad, witnesses said. He was pistol-whipped and forced into the trunk of a car as the assailants shouted that he was an "American spy," the witnesses said.

The abduction is an apparent bid to discourage the country's Arab neighbors from bolstering ties to the embattled U.S.-backed government.

In other recent developments:

  • U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales made a heavily guarded surprise visit to Iraq Sunday, praising the government's commitment to democracy in the face of sustained deadly attacks by insurgents and striking an informal agreement to provide U.S. legal help in the investigations into the killings and kidnappings of government officials.

    Gonzales, on his first trip to Iraq, said he chose the weekend of the U.S. Independence Day holiday to show support for U.S. troops and Iraq's nascent government. The announcement of the legal agreement came after Gonzales met with Iraq's prime minister, Ibrahim al-Jaafari, as well as police and judicial officials during a six-hour visit to the Iraqi capital.

    "There are still some high-level crimes, murders and kidnappings that are not being prosecuted. One reason is that the evidence is not available," Gonzales said in an interview on his return trip to Washington.

    While details still need to be worked out, investigators from the FBI and other U.S. law enforcement agencies would join their Iraqi counterparts at crime scenes and in other aspects of the probes, Gonzales' aides said.

    The trip was a closely guarded secret, even at the Justice Department. A handful of senior department officials accompanied Gonzales, including Max Wood, the U.S. attorney in Macon, Georgia, who is beginning a posting as the senior U.S. law-enforcement official in Iraq.

    The visit almost was scrapped because bad weather temporarily grounded helicopters that were to take Gonzales and his entourage from the airport to the city. Driving the eight miles from the airport - a stretch that risks bombings and other attacks was considered too dangerous.

    More than 400 Justice Department employees and contractors are working to train Iraqi judges, prosecutors, police and prison guards. A separate unit is working with the Iraqi tribunal preparing to try Saddam Hussein and other former Iraqi officials.

  • The attorney general again condemned abuses by American soldiers at the Abu Ghraib prison outside Baghdad, blaming them on a handful of individuals, not official U.S. policy.

    "To believe that memos and decisions at the top created an environment that led to abuses would lead one to the conclusion that these abuses were widespread, at many locations and by many people. From the best we can tell, it really related to the actions of the night shift at one cell block at Abu Ghraib," he said.

    As White House counsel in President George W. Bush's first term, Gonzales helped the administration's controversial legal strategy in the war on terror. He authored a memo in 2002 contending that Bush had the right to waive anti-torture laws and international treaties that provide protections to prisoners of war. Critics have said the memo helped lead to abuses of the type seen at Abu Ghraib.

    Meanwhile, it is feared that the kidnapping of Egypt's Al-Sherif could undermine U.S.-backed efforts to encourage Iraq's Arab neighbors to send high ranking diplomats to Baghdad. The posting of more senior diplomats to Iraq is seen as a key step to restoring confidence in that country's fledging transitional government, which is struggling to control a raging insurgency.

    In mid-June, the Egyptian government said it would upgrade relations with Iraq to full embassy status headed by an ambassador, but it was not immediately clear if al-Sherif currently held the full ambassador title.

    Three Iraqis who claimed they witnessed the abduction in Baghdad's western al-Jamaa neighborhood said gunmen accosted al-Sherif as he stopped to buy a newspaper in Rabie Street, beat him and accused him of being an "American spy."

    Bystanders reported the incident to a passing American convoy. U.S. soldiers searched al-Sherif's car, which was removed Sunday.

    No group has claimed responsibility for al-Sherif's kidnapping but it may be linked to Cairo's latest move to help in Iraq's political reconstruction, which insurgents are bent on derailing.

    Egypt has been training Iraqi security forces and civil servants under a U.S backed international program and on Friday about 140 Iraqi civil servants arrived in Cairo.

    Al-Sherif had served as charge d' affairs in Syria and Israel before being transferred to Iraq and is the second Egyptian diplomat to have been kidnapped in Iraq. He is married with two girls and his family lives in Cairo.

    Mohammed Mamdouh Helmi Qutb, then Egypt's third-ranking diplomat, was briefly detained in July 2004 by Islamic militants who claimed they wanted to deter Egypt from deploying troops in Iraq.

    Egypt was among many Arab countries that withdrew their ambassadors from Iraq shortly after Saddam invaded Kuwait in 1990, causing a deep rift between Iraq and its neighbors.

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