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Country Fast Facts: Guinea


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Guinea has had only two presidents since gaining its independence from France in 1958.

Lansana Conte came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou Toure.

Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Conte (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government.

He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003. Guinea has maintained its internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased.

In 2006, declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes that sparked urban unrest in many Guinean cities.

Source: CIA World Fact Book