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Country Fast Facts: Gambia


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The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965.

Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989.

In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity.

A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule.

Jammeh has been elected president in all subsequent elections, including most recently in late 2006.

Source: CIA World Fact Book

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