Washington — President Biden and the Justice Department announced new steps Monday aimed at combating gun crimes, including a rule targeting the manufacture and sale of so-called "," or homemade firearms that lack serial numbers and are difficult to trace. The new rule will require ghost guns, which can be made with 3D printers or sold as assembly kits, to be treated like other firearms made and sold in the U.S.
"It's going to help save lives, reduce crime and get more criminals off the streets," Mr. Biden said in remarks at the White House. "If you commit a crime with a ghost gun, expect federal prosecution."
The president also called on Congress to do more to address gun violence, including by passing universal background checks and banning assault weapons and high-capacity magazines. "I know it's controversial but I got it done once," he said. Democratic efforts in Congress to enact stricter gun laws have languished for years.
Under the rule published by the Justice Department, commercial manufacturers of ghost gun assembly kits will now be required to include serial numbers. Sellers will also need to be federally licensed, run background checks before selling a homemade gun kit and keep records of the purchases for as long as they are in business. The current rule allows sellers to purge records after 20 years.
Vice President Kamala Harris, a former prosecutor, noted that ghost guns pose "an especially grave threat to the safety of our communities" because of how easy they are to obtain and how difficult they are to trace.
"We call them ghost guns because they can't be traced, but make no mistake — they are real," said Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco. "They can shoot to kill, and they do."
Mr. Biden picked up a prop gun kit next to his lectern, noting how easy they are to assemble.
"This is the gun," he said. "It's not hard to put together ... Doesn't take very long. Anyone could order it."
The president also introduced Steve Dettelbach as his new nominee to lead the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). A former U.S. attorney for the Northern District of Ohio, Dettelbach would be the first permanent ATF director since 2015 if confirmed by the Senate. The White House was forced todue to concerns from lawmakers.
"Law enforcement is a very tough job, and no person and no agency is perfect. But the president is right: The men and women of the ATF and the public that they protect deserve better support from us," Dettelbach said in brief remarks. "I've seen firsthand the work that so many at the ATF do to protect us from violence. They're dedicated, they're professional and they're effective."
In 2018, Dettelbach lost his race to be Ohio's attorney general. During the campaign, he advocated for universal background checks for those who wish to purchase guns, reinstating the assault weapons ban, and restricting guns for people with serious mental health problems, according to WOSU.
"[Dettelbach] should be a noncontroversial candidate because he has a long record of working in law enforcement," a senior administration official said Sunday.
Mr. Biden had originally tapped David Chipman to lead the agency, but pulled the nomination after several Republican lawmakers and Senator Angus King, an independent who caucuses with Democrats, voiced their opposition to the pick. After his nomination was withdrawn, Chipmanfor their opposition, telling "CBS Evening News" anchor and managing editor Norah O'Donnell that the gun industry "profits by gun violence itself."
In a briefing for reporters on the new ghost gun rule on Sunday, a senior administration official said the ATF was able to trace fewer than 1% of the approximately 45,000 ghost guns recovered during criminal investigations between January 2016 and December 2021. Almost 700 of the incidents were homicides or attempted homicides, the official said.
A senior administration official asserted that the rule "operates within the legal boundaries of the Constitution." It comes one year after the Biden White House tasked the Justice Department with looking into such weapons after mass shootings in and in 2021.
"Ghost guns look like a gun, they shoot like a gun, and they kill like a gun, but up until now they haven't been regulated like a gun," said John Feinblatt, president of Everytown for Gun Safety. Feinblatt expressed confidence in Biden's new ATF nominee "to lead a top-to-bottom overhaul of the agency."
Ghost guns have recently been cited by metropolitan police chiefs and politicians as one of the causes of increased crime rates across the country.
"In New York City in 2019, we recovered 47 ghost guns. In 2020, we recovered 150 ghost guns. In 2021, that number jumped up to 375. And so far in 2022, we have 85 compared to 20 last year," NYPD Chief of Intelligence Tom Galati said last month. "That's a 325% increase of seizures of ghost guns since last year."
But ghost guns are used in only a fraction of gun crimes. About 12% of guns seized by the NYPD so far this year were ghost guns, according to the New York Post, although data is limited because of how difficult it is to trace them.
In areleased on Sunday, Americans listed crime as the third-highest priority — after the economy and inflation — that they thought Mr. Biden and his administration should address.
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