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Investing: Four words that can rob you blind

Financial advisor Allan Roth is not ashamed to admit that he enjoys immediate gratification as much as the next person. He likes his cable and internet, has a 70 inch HDTV, and stays in nice hotels. He has good insurance and uses his credit card whenever he can.That said, he also hates paying full price: "Never pay retail" is his motto. Here are ten simple ways to be materialistic while still improving your finances. CBS/iStockphoto
rich and poor hands

We in the financial services industry are experts in using words to convince you that we are on your side. The problem is, of course, that we often aren't.

I've looked at thousands of pitches over the years that were meant to lull investors into thinking they were making the right decision. These pitches will almost always include the four words that are frequently used to trick you.

Each of these four words are seemingly logical and devoid of emotion. In fact, all four words are employed in the context of persuading you to believe you are making a logical decision, when all they actually do is get you to act emotionally. Click "next" above to see each of the four words that can be used to rob you blind.

Investing: Four words that can rob you blind

A trader watches a graph showing the fall of the Euro in Paris, Friday, Jan. 13, 2012. The euro fell to a 17-month low against the dollar on news reports that France's credit rating might be downgraded by Standard & Poor's. If France were downgraded it could hurt efforts to resolve Europe's debt crisis. (AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere) AP

Unbiased

"I am going to give you some unbiased information." I hear this one all the time from planners who claim that "fee only" is a way to eliminate conflicts of interests, to web sites claiming to deliver unbiased information. I chose the hourly model for my financial planning practice because I felt it minimized the conflicts of interests, not because it eliminated them. Whenever I hear or read a claim of unbiased advice, that's my first clue that what will follow is particularly biased advice. That's because the person claiming to be unbiased has stopped thinking about their biases.

Investing: Four words that can rob you blind

Women are born with all the eggs they'll ever have. It's different for men. Men produce sperm all day, every day - throughout their lives. As men age, their sperm may become a little sluggish and their DNA a bit more fragmented. But the factory never closes.Hope springs eternal. istockphoto

History

old man, happy, optimistic

"History shows that..." If you had invested in this you would have earned 300 percent over the last decade. Often the word history isn't even used, though it is implied. Every new investment product has been backtested, meaning that it worked well in the past. Unfortunately that warning "past performance is not indicative of future performance" happens to be as true as it gets. In actuality, behavioral finance demonstrates that investors have a history of chasing performance.

Investing: Four words that can rob you blind

Signs that someone is considering suicide may also show up on a computer. For instance, a Web-browser history may show that a person has been researching suicide and ways to kill himself, Dr. Clayton says. "With a teen, especially, parents should be monitoring Facebook or MySpace," she adds. Asking about suicidal impulses does not "put ideas" in a person's head, says Dr. Robbins. If you're concerned about suicide, you need to ask the person about it directly. If the person has access to guns, medications, or other items that could be used for self-harm, get rid of them. Most importantly, you should contact a health professional. More from Health.com: 10 things to say (and 10 not to say) to someone with depression iStockPhoto

Disclosure

"We are all about disclosure here at Goliath Financial," says the advisor as he hands you the 373 page disclosure document. Of course the advisor knows that the document was written by lawyers and actuaries in very technical terms that render it only slightly more readable than Sanskrit. Advisors also know that no one will take that voluminous disclosure home and actually try to read it, which is good because they haven't either. Transparency and disclosure are two very different things.

Investing: Four words that can rob you blind

Money caught by a hook iStockphoto

Fiduciary

Money caught by a hook

"As a registered investment advisor, I am acting as your fiduciary and am legally obligated to put your interests before mine." The CFP practitioner used the "F" word to his client, and then proceeded to sell him a product that had 5.29 percent annual fees. The SEC and even the CFP Board allow practitioners to use the word fiduciary and act in ways that are anything but. In fact, I've found that those who preach the word "fiduciary" the most are the ones who abuse their clients in the worst way

Investing: Four words that can rob you blind

Putting it all together

"History shows the method I use will maximize your wealth with virtually no risk. I am disclosing that I'm a fee-only advisor giving only unbiased advice and acting as your fiduciary, placing your interests above mine."

I sure hope you wouldn't fall for this quadruple whammy. But when the situation arises, keep this in mind: Trust anyone only enough to listen but don't follow blindly. Remember that there is no such thing as unbiased information. So-called fiduciaries can do you the most harm. And real disclosure means never having to say you don't fully understand the investment.