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A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

NEW YORK, NY - OCTOBER 22: Builders construct new homes in an area that was heavily damaged by fire in Hurricane Sandy on October 22, 2012 in the Breezy Point neighborhood of the Queens borough of New York City. As the one-year anniversary of Hurricane Sandy approaches, many residents of the Rockaways and neighboring Breezy Point are reflecting on the progress made over the past year while acknowledging the problems still evident. While the area has made great headway with rebuilding and renovations to the iconic beach communities, the storm devastated much of the area with severe flooding and wind damage. Hurricane Sandy made landfall on October 29 near Brigantine, New Jersey and affected 24 states from Florida to Maine and cost the country an estimated $65 billion. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images) Spencer Platt

(MoneyWatch) One year ago, Peter Karadimas was staying with a friend when his East Norwalk, Conn., home was hit by the massive storm surge created by Superstorm Sandy.

The next day, he and his sister drove back, carefully navigating around debris and downed wires until they made it to his neighborhood.

"We were sick to our stomachs," Karadimas said. "We were just in shock."

The home he and his sister shared as children, where he still lives today, had been flooded by both seawater and sewage when his pumps failed -- creating a smell that permeated the whole home, Karadimas said. The wall and ceilings were cracked. Furniture, papers and clothes were scattered around the home and yard.

About half the home had to be replaced he said, from walls and woodwork to furniture and appliances.

Karadimas' story is just one of thousands, but it may have a happier ending than most because his insurance covered all of the damage, he said. Homeowners from Delaware to Rhode Island have spent the past year struggling to rebuild homes in what were once sought-after coastal communities.

"It was actually scary for the first couple of days. Trees toppled over, power lines were down and everybody started panicking," said Anthony Napolitano, an associate broker with Coldwell Banker Real Estate in Massapequa Park, N.Y.

Then his phone started ringing off the hook with homeowners looking for any place warm and dry to rent.

"I had people coming in the office crying that they need a place to stay," Napolitano said. "I was appalled to hear the stories of landlords increasing the rent, even doubling their rent."

Elaine Patterson, an associate broker with Douglas Elliman Real Estate, often had to turn people away because no properties were available.

As time went by, debris was replaced with dumpsters and mobile homes dotting the neighborhood.

"As that was happening, each week you would see garbage at the curbs and everyone was working overtime to clear it," Patterson said.

It took three months before communities started to look the least bit normal, the agents said. Even now, things don't look the same. Patterson estimates that at least 15 percent of local residents, mostly senior citizens, have simply moved out.

Meanwhile, some of those still living in the area, and those hoping to buy, are faced with huge insurance headaches.

"It doesn't help the insurance companies are dropping people, people who didn't even get hit by the flood," Napolitano said. "You'd think they would have helped out as much as possible."

Insurance costs are going up, particularly flood insurance, and not just because of storms like Sandy. The July 2012 Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act is causing flood insurance premiums in flood zones across the country to soar, and those looking to rebuild in Sandy's path are feeling the effects first.

Mere months after Sandy, FEMA revised maps in the New York/New Jersey region, placing more homes in the floodplain than before. The result is that more homeowners need flood insurance that is also more expensive. A part of the law that rolled out this month also removes subsidies that discount the cost of federal flood insurance premiums for homes that existed before flood insurance rate maps were drawn.

Homeowners there are facing flood insurance increases that would take a premium from a few hundred or thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars a year, according to a report from the RAND Center for Catastrophic Risk Management and Compensation. They can try to raise their homes a few feet to save some money, but are still looking at increases.

While Karadimas' insurance premium has only gone up about $900 this year and is still under $3,000, he's hoping he doesn't see those kind of increases because his home is at a high enough elevation.

Ultimately, though, if another storm like Sandy hits his area, Karadimas said he won't be able to stay in his home.

"I can't live like that," he said. "If these storms are going to be more frequent and more devastating, do I need to be one house in from the water?"

Click through the gallery to see before and after pictures of some Sandy-struck homes.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

This home on 3rd Avenue in Normandy Beach, N.J. was damaged by both wind and water caused by Superstorm Sandy's arrival. The storm and subsequent restoration left them with piles of debris and garbage on their front lawn.


Several feet of water came into the first floor of the home, which had to be completely gutted.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The home underwent an intense renovation that included replacing the walls. The owners also had to pull up all the flooring on the first floor and replace with carpeting.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

Even the bedrooms and second floor were renovated to match the rest of the home.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The homeowners were able to restore the backyard to its original condition. The home on 3rd Avenue in Normandy Beach, just blocks from the water, is currently on the market for $639,000.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

This home on South Bay Drive in Massapequa, N.Y. was flooded during Superstorm Sandy.


It has subsequently been restored and renovated for about $100,000, and is on sale for $499,000.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The first floor is actually located a few feet below-grade and had three to four feet of water wash through.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The living room was completely destroyed and had to be gutted.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The first floor has since been fixed up.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The kitchen is now also in much better condition.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

This home in Montoloking, N.J.  was flooded during Superstorm Sandy, and is on sale for $799,000.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The first floor was flooded and has since been completely restored, including the hardwood floors.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

This home in Little Egg Harbor Township, N.J. was damaged by Sandy, but is now on the market for $249,000.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

The interior has been completely restored.

A year after Sandy, rebuilding continues

Trulia

This Atlantic City, N.J. homewas renovated after Superstorm Sandy is on the market for $135,000.