Tons of tainted water leaking into ocean from Fukushima

FILE - In this Feb. 10, 2013 file photo, tens of cylindrical tanks built for storage of polluted water are seen near the four reactor buildings, background, at the tsunami-devastated Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear plant in Okuma, northern Japan, where preparations for dismantlement of the facilities are underway. Nuclear Regulation Authority Chairman Shunichi Tanaka said Wednesday, April 10, 2013 that leaks of radioactive water from underground tanks are undermining efforts to decommission the plant. The plant's operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. said three of the seven underground tanks are leaking, but that the contaminated water is not believed to have reached the ocean. However, experts suspect that water has leaked steadily into the sea since early in the crisis, citing high radiation levels in fish in waters off the plant. File,AP Photo/Kyodo News

Updated 4:25 a.m. ET

TOKYO A Japanese government official said Wednesday approximately 300 tons of contaminated water is leaking into the Pacific Ocean each day from the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, the Reuters news agency reports.

The official also told reporters Tokyo believes the water has been leaking into the ocean for two years.

The statement came after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pledged Wednesday to step up government efforts to stem radioactive water leakage, Reuters adds.

Abe ordered the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry to urgently deal with the water situation and ensure that the plant's operator, Tokyo Electric Power Co, takes appropriate steps to handle the cleanup, which is expected to take more than 40 years and cost $11 billion.

Tokyo Electric had said earlier that it was struggling to stop contaminated underground water from leaking into the sea.

The utility said some of the water was seeping over or around an underground barrier it had created by injecting chemicals into the soil that solidified into a wall.

The seepage involves underground water that built up over the last month, since the company began creating the chemical walls to stop leaks after it detected radiation spikes in water samples in May.

TEPCO spokesman Yoshikazu Nagai said Tuesday the company was slow to deal with the underground water leaks because it was focusing on cooling the damaged reactors, which posed greater risks.

Three reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant suffered meltdowns after a massive March 2011 earthquake and tsunami destroyed power and cooling systems. The plant is still running on makeshift equipment and has been plagued with blackouts and leaks from underground tanks.

TEPCO has been repeatedly criticized for delays in handling and disclosing problems at the plant. Alarmed by the latest problem, a panel of officials from local towns and villages rushed to the plant Tuesday for an inspection, demanding TEPCO limit the impact on the sea.

Japan's nuclear watchdog set up a separate special panel with TEPCO and met Friday to assess the water problem and discuss ways to resolve it. Watchdog officials have urged TEPCO to pump the contaminated water inland and expand underground and seawater sampling. TEPCO is also building more chemical walls around the plant.

TEPCO officials were unable to answer many of the watchdog officials' questions, including ones about the leaks' origin, their routes and how they can be plugged. They also acknowledged that they have neglected large amounts of highly contaminated water that has remained in maintenance trenches since the crisis, a risk also cited by the watchdog.

"It's a race against the clock," said Toyoshi Fuketa, a commissioner of the Nuclear Regulation Authority. "The top priority is to keep the water from escaping into the sea."

Officials acknowledged last month for the first time that the plant has been leaking radioactive water into the ocean for some time. After a major leak a month after the meltdowns, TEPCO said it had contained the problem and denied further underground leaks into the ocean were occurring, although many experts suspected they were.

While the extent of sea contamination remains unknown, TEPCO has estimated that up to 40 trillion becquerels of radioactive tritium, a water soluble element that can affect DNA but is believed to be less dangerous than cesium or strontium, might have leaked into the sea over the past two years. The company says the amount is within legal limits, but is much higher than is released under normal operations.

The amount of contaminated water at the plant increases by 400 tons a day. TEPCO plans to secure storage facilities capable of holding 800,000 tons more water by 2015.

"For the next two to three years, I think water management would be their biggest challenge," said Dale Klein, a former U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission chairman who now oversees TEPCO's reform committee. "But there will be more surprises," he said, citing possible power outages, leaks and other "unknowns."

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