Mr. Obama, who successfully lobbied lawmakers earlier this year for approval of his stimulus plan, maintains approval of the 2010 budget plan is crucial because it's at the heart of his strategy to revitalize the economy and improve American competitiveness.
But Republican opposition to the spending plan intensified, with Sen. Richard Shelby telling CBS' The Early Show that Mr. Obama's budget would lead the country down "the road of financial destruction."
"This is scary. I believe we've reached the tipping point now … and if we tip over, it's the point of no return. … We cannot go down this road," the Alabama senator said Wednesday.
Shelby said that although the previous Republican administration left Mr. Obama with a $1.3 trillion deficit, "it was nothing like this."
And the second-ranking House Republican charged that his proposal is "so far out of the mainstream" that even members of Mr. Obama's own party are reluctant to support it. In fact, Mr. Obama was starting his fresh push Wednesday by meeting with congressional Democrats.
House Minority Whip Eric Cantor, the chamber's No. 2 Republican, said Wednesday that Mr. Obama's budget would tax too heavily the small businesses that create a large share of the jobs across the country. "We've got to provide the relief to the job creators," the Virginia Republican said.
Both the House and Senate budget chairmen have been forced by worsening deficit estimates to scale back Mr. Obama's requests for domestic programs, and deeply controversial revenues from his global warming initiative won't be included either.
But President Barack Obama's budget director praised the work of Democrats on a $3.6 trillion budget proposal, saying it advances and protects key White House goals.
Budget director Peter Orszag said Wednesday that companion documents offered by the House and Senate budget panels will bolster education and clean-energy priorities while also providing for an overhaul of the health care system.
But there were some cuts. Senate Budget Committee Chairman Kent Conrad, D-N.D., announced a budget blueprint Tuesday that would scrap Mr. Obama's signature tax cut after 2010 while employing some sleight of hand to cut the annual budget deficit to a sustainable level.
Conrad promises to reduce the deficit from a projected $1.7 trillion this year to a still-high $508 billion in 2014. Along the way, the Senate plan would have Mr. Obama's "Making Work Pay" tax credit, delivering $400 tax cuts to most workers and $800 to couples, expire at the end of next year. Those tax cuts were included in Mr. Obama's stimulus package.
In the House, Budget Chairman John Spratt Jr., D-S.C., said his companion blueprint would employ fast-track procedures to allow Mr. Obama's overhaul of the U.S. health care system to pass Congress without the threat of a GOP filibuster in the Senate.
Democrats point out that Mr. Obama inherited an unprecedented fiscal mess caused by the recession and the taxpayer-financed bailout of Wall Street. Rather than retrenching, however, they still promise to award big budget increases to education and clean energy programs, while assuming Mr. Obama's plans to overhaul the U.S. health care system advance.
"The best way to bring our deficit down in the long run is ... with a budget that leads to broad economic growth by moving from an era of borrow and spend to one where we save and invest," Mr. Obama said in a.
It's also becoming clear that Mr. Obama's controversial global warming initiative has experienced a setback, as neither House nor Senate Democrats are directly incorporating into their budget plans Mr. Obama's controversial "cap-and-trade" system for auctioning permits to emit greenhouse gases.
Mr. Obama's budget has ignited a firestorm on Capitol Hill, with Republicans assailing it for record spending and budget deficits. Democrats are generally supportive, though some have sticker shock over the deficit figures.
Conrad's plan was released in the wake of new Congressional Budget Office estimates that predicted Mr. Obama's plan would produce alarming estimates of red ink - $9.3 trillion over 10 years and a deficit of $749 billion in 2014. Mr. Obama's budget promises a $570 billion deficit in that year, and to get below that figure Conrad was forced to make a series of difficult choices.
Conrad said his budget makes room for Mr. Obama's hopes to deliver health care to the uninsured. He said the plan would not add to the deficit over the long haul.
In grappling with the deficit, Conrad would cut Mr. Obama's proposed increases for next year for domestic agencies funded by lawmakers to growth of about $27 billion, or 6 percent. Over five years, the savings from Mr. Obama's budget would be $160 billion.
But Conrad also makes several shaky assumptions, especially that Congress will raise taxes by about $114 billion over 2013-14 to make sure middle-class taxpayers won't get hit by the alternative minimum tax. He also saves $87 billion by promising Congress will come up with spending cuts or new revenues to avoid cuts in Medicare payments to doctors.
Both problems have been fixed in recent years by using deficit dollars.
Under Congress' arcane procedures, the annual congressional budget resolution is a nonbinding measure that sets the terms for follow-up legislation.
Neither budget includes Mr. Obama's $250 billion set-aside for more bailouts of banks and other firms.
Cantor was interviewed Wednesday morning on NBC's "Today" show.
Full Coverage Of Obama's Press Conference: