In the 1930s, as Adolf Hitler's propagandists sought to project a German ideal, modern art - the avant garde, expressionism, Fauvism, surrealism - was denounced as "degenerate." Works by such artists as Chagall, Klee, Kandinsky, Dix, Beckmann, Picasso, Matisse and others were confiscated from museums and galleries.
In 1937 the Nazis created an exhibit in Munich, titled "Degenerate Art," in which confiscated pieces were displayed with demeaning signs and slogans.
The Neue Galerie in New York has now opened a new show exploring the history of the Munich exhibition, pulling together many of the artworks involved: "Degenerate Art: The Attack on Modern Art in Nazi Germany, 1937."
Left: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's "A Group of Artists (The Painters of the Brucke)" (1925-26).