Mr. Bush, in an interview, also said he was determined that sanctions imposed against North Korea must be applied even though Pyongyang has agreed to return to six-nation nuclear disarmament talks. The president said he did not foresee a change in the immediate future in the number of U.S. troops in Iraq. "They've got what they can live with," he said.
The president spoke in the Oval Office, seated in a wing chair in front of a table with a bowl of roses. Six days before midterm elections, Mr. Bush steered questions away from politics beyond saying he was confident that Republicans would defy the odds and hold control of the House and Senate. He refused to even say whether he could work effectively with House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi or Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid if Democrats won either the House or Senate, or both.
Mr. Bush took the opportunity to take another poke at Sen. John Kerry, who's in political hot water for a remark that has been in Iraq. Kerry has apologized and said it was a botched joke.
"It didn't sound like a joke to me," the president said. "More important, it didn't sound like a joke to the troops."
"There's no question that the Democrats have been trying to make this whole election about George Bush and about Iraq," says CBS News chief Washington correspondent Bob Schieffer. "So many of these Democrats are trying to link their opponents to the president."
Democrats and Republicans alike have called for Rumsfeld's resignation, arguing he has mishandled the war in Iraq, where more than 2,800 members of the U.S. military have died since the U.S.-led invasion in March 2003. Cheney has faced sharp criticism for his hardline views and is viewed favorably by only about a third of Americans in polls. Bush said that "both men are doing fantastic jobs."
He said he valued Cheney's advice and judgment. "The good thing about Vice President Cheney's advice is, you don't read about it in the newspaper after he gives it," the president said.
Mr. Bush credited Rumsfeld with overseeing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan while overhauling the military. "I'm pleased with the progress we're making," the president said. He replied in the affirmative if he wanted Rumsfeld and Cheney to stay with him until the end.
Mr. Bush opened the interview by saying he was pleased that North Korea was returning to stalled nuclear talks. Although North Korea has a history of breaking promises and walking away from negotiations, Bush did not express doubts about the intentions of Kim Jong Il, North Korea's leader.
"It's his choice," the president said. "I would hope he is sincere." He said that any deal with North Korea would have to be verifiable.
The president said he did not accept North Korea as a nuclear weapons state, even though it tested an atomic bomb three weeks ago. "Our objective is to see they're not a nuclear weapons state," the president said.
Mr. Bush said Robert Joseph, U.S. undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, and Nicholas Burns, undersecretary of state for political affairs, will travel through the region to talk with allies about how to make progress.
"We're going to talk about making sure that the sanctions passed by the United Nations are effective," the president said. Implementation of the sanctions will be on the table."
The president also expressed confidence in Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki despite apparent strains between Washington and Baghdad.
"I appreciate he's making hard decisions that he thinks are necessary to keep his country united and moving forward," the president said. "I didn't find any difference of opinion when I talked to him. We both want Iraq to be able to govern itself, sustain itself and defend itself. We both want there to be benchmarks — Iraqi developed and designed benchmarks — that show the Iraqi people and the American people that this young democracy is making progress."
Mr. Bush said that "there's no question that October was a tough month. We lost 103 soldiers. It was a tough month because we were on the offense, the enemy was on the offense — the enemy was trying to affect us. And it was a tough month because of Ramadan. ... Our troops and Iraqi troops killed or captured over 1,500 people during this period of time."