Country Fast Facts:Norfolk Islands
































Norfolk Islands



























(CBS)

Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned.



In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.



After the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, Norfolk Island was placed under the authority of the new Commonwealth government to be administered as an external territory.



During World War II, the island became a key airbase and refuelling depot between Australia and New Zealand. Since Norfolk island fell within New Zealand's area of responsibility it was garrisoned by a New Zealand Army unit known as N Force. It proved too remote to come under attack during the war.



In 1979, Norfolk was granted self-government by Australia, under which the island elects a government that runs most of the island's affairs. As such, residents of Norfolk Island are not represented in the Commonwealth Parliament of Australia, making them the only group of residents of an Australian state or territory not represented there.



In 2006, a formal review process took place, in which the Australian Government considered revising this model of government. The review was completed on December 20, 2006, when it was decided that there would be no changes in the governance of Norfolk Island.



Source: CIA World Fact Book
















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