Type 1 diabetes used to be known as juvenile diabetes because it's often diagnosed in children and young adults. With Type 1 diabetes, the body doesn't produce insulin, a hormone the body needs to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy. A person with Type 1 diabetes requires daily injections of insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult onset diabetes. It is the most common form of the disease. People with Type 2 diabetes don't produce enough insulin, or the body doesn't effectively use the insulin that is produced.
Gestational diabetes sometimes is developed by pregnant women. It often goes away after the baby is born and, if controlled properly, it won't affect the health of the unborn child. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to develop diabetes later in life, though.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Many people don't have any symptoms at all, but certain symptoms should tip you off that there may be a problem.
What are the symptoms that are particular to Type 2 diabetes?
What are the risk factors for diabetes?
Can you get diabetes from eating too much sugar?
This is a medical myth that has persisted for years. And it is not true. You cannot get diabetes from eating too much sugar. That said, eating too much sugar can wreck your teeth and cause you to gain weight.
What's the most effective way to treat diabetes?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for diabetes. It can be managed very effectively, though. People with Type 1 diabetes can keep the disease in check with daily injections of insulin and other medications. People with Type 2 diabetes should exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet. If these alone don't control blood sugar levels, then medications can help control the illness. It's very important to control diabetes because failure to do so can lead to serious problems including heart and kidney disease as well as nerve damage and blindness.
For much more on type 2 diabetes, from the American Diabetes Association, click here.