eating their vegetables.
This is hardly the first study to document dismal diet habits. Last week,
the CDC gave U.S. adults poor marks for fruit and vegetable consumption.
Now, researchers from Johns Hopkins University confirm that Americans aren't
getting better at eating fruits and vegetables -- even though public health
officials urge them to do so.
The Johns Hopkins study shows that, among U.S. adults, fruit consumption is
holding steady, but vegetable consumption is headed down -- even if you count
The study appears in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Fruit, Vegetable Consumption
Johns Hopkins University's Tiffany Gary, PhD, and colleagues reviewed data
from two national health surveys.
The first survey, conducted from 1988 to 1994, included nearly 15,000 U.S.
adults. The second survey, done between 1999 and 2002, included about 8,900
In both, participants reported everything they had eaten during the previous
24 hours. Then researchers checked how many people met these goals:
- Two or more servings of fruit, including fresh fruit, dried fruit, and 100%
- Three or more servings of vegetables (fried potatoes count).
These goals have been touted since 1991 as part of the national campaign to
get Americans to eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables a day. But
apparently, most people aren't heeding the message.
Few Met Goals
In the earlier survey, 27% of participants met the fruit consumption goal
vs. 28% in the later survey.
But the percentage meeting the vegetable consumption goal fell from 35% in
the earlier survey to 32% in the one started about a decade later.
Fruit consumption basically stayed the same while vegetable consumption
dropped slightly, note the researchers.
In addition, vegetable eaters appear to be in a bit of a rut. They tended to
eat several servings of the same vegetable, showing little dietary
In each survey, only 11% met both goals.
Whites, college graduates, older adults, and people with higher incomes were
more likely to meet the goals for fruit and vegetable consumption.
Today, the nonprofit Produce for Better Health Foundation launched a
national effort to promote fruit and vegetable consumption.
The campaign, called "Fruits & Veggies -- More Matters,"
encourages Americans to eat more fruits and vegetables.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) gives these tips to help you meet
your fruit and vegetable goals:
- Keep a bowl of fruit handy.
- Go for variety.
- Serve a salad with dinner.
- Add beans to chili or soup.
- If you're ordering pizza, add some veggie toppings.
- Put chopped vegetables in pasta sauce or lasagna.
- Dip fresh fruit in low-fat yogurt or pudding.
- Dip raw veggies in low-fat salad dressing.
Helping Kids Eat Fruits and Vegetables
It can be a challenge to get kids to eat fruits and vegetables, according to
a survey of 1,000 U.S. moms conducted as part of the "Fruits & Veggies
-- More Matters" campaign.
In the survey, more than 70% of moms gave their children grades of
"A" or "B" for eating fruits and vegetables. But nearly 30%
gave their kids and teens grades of "C" or lower for fruit and
Those mothers said their children were tempted by other foods and weren't
interested in eating fruits and vegetables.
If that sounds like your family, here are solutions offered by the USDA:
- Set a good example with your own diet.
- While shopping, let kids pick a nw fruit or vegetable to try.
- Kids often like foods served separately, so don't mix vegetables on their
- Offer children a choice of fruits at lunch.
- Top kids' cereal with berries or a smiley face made of sliced bananas for
eyes, raisins for a nose, and an orange slice for a mouth.
- Use cut-up vegetables as part of afternoon snacks.
- Let kids decide on the dinner vegetables or what goes into salads.
- If children are old enough, let them help shop for, clean, peel, or cut up
fruits and vegetables.
Whether you have kids or not, pay attention to food safety.
Wash your hands before cooking or eating, and wash fruits and vegetables in
clean, running water.
Keep fruits and vegetables separate from raw meat, poultry, and seafood, and
heed the expiration dates on canned and frozen items.
By Miranda Hitti
Reviewed by Louise Chang
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