When Doug McArthur died last May, the horror and speed of his illness overwhelmed his wife of 27 years, Darlene. He ate a dozen raw oysters on Saturday, and was on life support by Monday, reports CBS News Correspondent Wyatt Andrews."He had those for dinner Saturday night and by Wednesday he was gone,"
His daughter Holly watched her father suffer. "It was like something you would see on the X-Files. He said it was like burning, he could almost peel his skin off it was hurting so bad,"
| Avoiding Vibrio Vulnificus|
|Don't eat raw shellfish.|
Cook shellfish thouroughly.
Avoid contamination of cooked seafood with raw seafood or juices.
Eat shellfish promptly after cooking and refrigerate leftovers.
Wear protective clothing (gloves) when handling raw shellfish.
McArthur was poisoned by a bacterium in those oysters, called vibrio vulnificus.
It's an organism that thrives in the Gulf of Mexico in warm months, and it has killed 72 people in the last three years. "The oyster industry and the FDA know these oysters are deadly,"
said Caroline Smith DeWaal. Caroline Smith DeWaal is a food safety expert at the Center for Science in the Public Interest
. She says the Food and Drug Administration, which regulates seafood safety, has given the oyster industry a pass on vibrio."These deaths from vibrio vulnificus are an accepted part of FDA's regulatory program for oysters,"
said DeWaal. When asked if she meant that the FDA
tolerates this level of death, she said, "Yes they are."
| FDA Tips|
|The FDA has set up guidelines to help you choose, store, prepare and cook seafood.|
The FDA declined to speak with CBS News
on camera, but did talk to us by phone. Despite the FDA's responsibility for all seafood, it has given up the job of regulating oysters to a consortium of oyster producing states. That group, the Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference
, includes members of the shellfish industry.
The Conference has rejected calls to treat suspect oysters with pasteurization or pressurization.
| Call The FDA|
|The Food and Drug Administration has set up a toll free phone number to get information on food safety.|
Richard Gutting is chief of the nation's largest seafood industry association. He's asked the FDA to approve irradiation to kill vibrio in oysters. "This is our major problem area. The bulk of illness is associated with raw molluscan shellfish, and we would really like to solve this problem,"
But critics believe the basic problem isn't oysters, it's the FDA itself. Former Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman points out the USDA has 7000 inspectors for meat, while the FDA has 300 for seafood.
"They can't do it with just 300 inspectors, particularly given the increase in seafood consmption that we see in this country,"
| Are You At Risk?|
|People with the following conditions are cautioned to follow safe seafood practices, otherwise they may be at risk of serious injury or death:|
long-term steroid use
As for raw oysters, the industry says vibrio only kills those consumers with weak immune systems and that the real answer is to warn them.
Doug McArthur who had diabetes, ate raw oysters all the time. He did not believe the warnings applied to him. He had no protection from the gruesome death hiding in the food he trusted.
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