Jackson Begged for Drugs, Affidavit Shows

Michael Jackson waves as he leaves court, Monday, June 13, 2005, in Santa Maria, Calif. Jackson was found not guilty on all counts against him. AP

Last updated at 6:56 p.m. ET

Michael Jackson pleaded with his doctor to give him more sedatives to cure his insomnia prior to his death, a search warrant affidavit released Monday showed.

Also, the L.A. County Coroner's Office will rule Jackson's death a homicide based on forensic tests that found the anesthetic propofol combined with at least two sedatives to kill the singer, a law enforcement official told The Associated Press on Monday, speaking on condition of anonymity because the findings have not been publicly released.

Jackson made "repeated demands/requests" for propofol, which the singer called his "milk," according to the affidavit. Dr. Conrad Murray, Jackson's cardiologist, administered 25 milligrams of the white-colored liquid - a relatively small dose - and finally, Jackson fell asleep.

Murray told investigators that at the time of the King of Pop's death, he had been trying to wean Jackson off propofol. The doctor said he'd been treating Jackson for insomnia for about six weeks with 50 milligrams of the drug every night via an intravenous drip, a search warrant affidavit said.

Murray said he feared Jackson was becoming addicted to the anesthetic, which is supposed to be used only in hospitals and other advanced medical settings.

The affidavit unsealed in Houston, where Los Angeles police took materials from one of Murray's clinics last month as part of their manslaughter investigation, includes a detailed account of what detectives say Murray told them.

The coroner's finding "doesn't mean we are going to see a homicide, as opposed to manslaughter case against anyone," said CBS News legal analyst Andrew Cohen. "The examiner's office doesn't distinguish between legal terms 'manslaughter' and 'homicide.'"

Manslaughter is homicide without malice or premeditation.

Read the full search warrant affidavit (PDF)

Murray told detectives that he had lowered the propofol dose to 25 milligrams and added the sedatives lorazepam and midazolam two days prior to Jackson's death, a combination that succeeded in helping the pop star sleep. The next day, Murray said, he cut off the propofol - and Jackson fell asleep with just the two sedatives.

But on June 25, Murray said he tried unsuccessfully to make Jackson sleep with a series of drugs that included a 10-milligram tablet of Valium and repeated injections of two milligrams of lorazepam and two milligrams of midazolam.

While the homicide finding does not necessarily mean a crime was committed, it means more likely that criminal charges will be filed against Murray.

Through his lawyer, Murray has said he administered nothing that "should have" killed Jackson.

Murray remained with the sedated Jackson for about 10 minutes, then left for the bathroom, the affidavit said. Less than two minutes later, Murray returned - and found Jackson had stopped breathing.

Cell phone records show three separate calls from Murray's phone for between 11:18 a.m. and 12:05 p.m., the affidavit said. It's not clear who received the calls. Murray had told authorities he was administering CPR during that time.

In a statement posted late Monday on his firm's Web site, Murray's attorney Edward Chernoff questioned the timeline as depicted in the affidavit, calling it "police theory."

"Dr. Murray simply never told investigators that he found Michael Jackson at 11:00 a.m. not breathing," Chernoff said. He declined to comment on the homicide ruling, saying, "We will be happy to address the coroner's report when it is officially released."

But Murray also never told investigators he made those 47 minutes of phone calls, reports CBS News correspondent Ben Tracy. Exactly what charges Murray may face could now depend on what he did between 11 and 12:20 at the Jackson's mansion.

The coroner's office has withheld its autopsy findings, citing a request from police to wait until their investigation is complete.

It is no surprise that such a combination of medications could kill someone, said Dr. David Zvara, anesthesia chairman at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

"All those drugs act in synergy with each other," Zvara said. Adding propofol on top of the other sedatives could have "tipped the balance" by depressing Jackson's breathing and ultimately stopping his heart.

The 25 milligrams of propofol "is not a whopping amount," said Lee Cantrell, director of the San Diego division of the California Poison Control System. It was the cocktail of the other sedatives, known as benzodiazepines, that "may have been the trigger that pushed him over the edge," Cantrell said.

"This is horrible polypharmacy," he said, referring to the interaction among the various drugs. "No one will treat an insomniac like this."

The affidavit, signed by a judge July 20, said that the coroner's office chief medical examiner told police his review of preliminary toxicology results showed "lethal levels of propofol."

Besides the propofol and two sedatives, the coroner's toxicology report found other substances in Jackson's system but they were not believed to have been a factor in the singer's death, the official told the AP.

Murray didn't tell paramedics or doctors at the UCLA hospital where Jackson was rushed about any drugs he administered other than lorazepam and flumazenil, a "rescue drug" to counteract problems from too much lorazepam, according to the affidavit.

It was only during a subsequent interview with Los Angeles Police detectives that Murray gave a more full accounting of the events leading up to the 911 call, the document said.

A call to the coroner's office was not returned Monday. A spokeswoman for the Los Angeles District Attorney's said no case had been presented so the office had nothing to comment on.

The line between safe and dangerous doses of propofol is thin, and according to the drug's guidelines a trained professional must always stay bedside. Home use of propofol is virtually unheard of - safe administration requires both a specially trained anesthesiologist and an array of lifesaving equipment. Murray was trained as a heart doctor, not a pain and sedation specialist.

Murray told investigators he didn't order or buy any propofol, but investigators served a search warrant Aug. 11 at a Las Vegas pharmacy and uncovered evidence showing Murray legally purchased from the store the propofol he gave Jackson on the day he died.

Jackson's family released a statement Monday, saying it has "full confidence" in the legal process and the efforts of investigators. It concludes: "The family looks forward to the day that justice can be served."



The affidavit contains the following excerpts:

• "I have reason to believe and do believe that evidence of the crime of manslaughter" was found in Murray's storage facility.
• Murray says he administered "several drugs to Jackson in the early morning hours" and at 11am, Jackson stopped breathing.
• "toxicology analysis showed that MJ had lethal levels of Propofol in his blood"
• Murray administered Propofol and Lidocaine intravenously in early morning hours of 6/25/09

The warrant says the following:

• Murray told LAFD paramedics he had given Jackson Lorazepam before he stopped breathing - 2 doses of 2 mg during the night
• Search of residence found the following bottles of meds prescribed by Murray: diazepam (valium), tamsulosin (flomax), lorazepam (ativan) and temazepam (restoril)
• Also from Dr Metzger clonazepam (klonopin) and trazonone (desyrl)
• And tizanidine (zaanaflex) by Dr. Klein
• Murray gave Jackson an intravenous drip every night to help him sleep of Propofol diluted with Lidocaine
• On June 22, Murray gave MJ propofol and lorazepam and midazolam
• On June 23 gave him lorazepam and midazolam.

On June 25, the day of Jackson's death, the warrant has the following information:

• 0130am - valium pill.
• 0200 lorazepam IV.
• 0300 midazolam IV.
• 0500 lorazepam IV.
• Jackson remained awake and at 0730 Murray gave him more midazolam in IV.
• Jackson remained awake and at 1040am Murray gave him propofol diluted with lidocaine via IV drip. Jackson finally went to sleep.
• 1050am Murray went to the bathroom for 2 minutes, returned and said Jackson wasn't breathing. Started CPR and gave him Flumanezil

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