Is indexing ruining small-cap stocks?

Money fan image courtesy of Flickr user 401(K) 2012.

(MoneyWatch) One argument stock pickers have been making is that investing in index funds results in stocks having higher correlations. Assets with high correlations tend to move in tandem, which make it harder for active managers to harvest the winners.

There's good news for active managers, though: This doesn't appear to be true for large-cap stocks or commodities, and it doesn't appear to be the case for small-cap stocks, either.

Through September 24, the Russell 2000 Index (an index comprised of small-cap stocks)  had returned 15 percent year-to-date. The following facts reflect on the amount of dispersion in returns among the individual stocks in the index:

  • The top performer had returned 658 percent
  • 10 stocks had returned more than 200 percent.
  • 75 stocks had returned more than 100 percent
  • 551 stocks had negative returns
  • 30 stocks had lost at least 50 percent

The very wide dispersion in returns makes it crystal clear that indexers are not driving prices in small-cap stocks, just as they aren't doing it in large stocks and commodities. It's just another myth you hear from Wall Street that is repeated in the financial media, members of which are often guilty of reporting on statements as facts without checking the facts.

The evidence makes clear that active investment managers will have to come up with another lame excuse for their persistent failure. When there's dispersion of returns like you see above, there's plenty of opportunity for active managers to add value through stock selection. Unfortunately, there's an overwhelming body of evidence demonstrating that -- no matter the asset class, no matter whether the bull is raging or the bear growling -- there's no persistence in outperformance of active managers beyond the randomly expected.

Image courtesy of Flickr user 401(K) 2012

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    Larry Swedroe is director of research for The BAM Alliance. He has authored or co-authored 13 books, including his most recent, Think, Act, and Invest Like Warren Buffett. His opinions and comments expressed on this site are his own and may not accurately reflect those of the firm.

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