CME Pushes Managed Futures - Wealth with little risk

Last Updated Jun 8, 2011 2:49 PM EDT

In early May, I attended the Money Show in Las Vegas and was somewhat surprised to see the mammoth and reputable CME Group pushing the top five reasons for managed futures to consumers. The CME Group operates the CME, CBOT, NYMEX, and COMEX regulatory exchanges worldwide. Here's the pitch entitled "Why Managed Futures, Top Five Reasons," along with what they didn't mention.

Why Managed Futures
The CME Group had several presentations. I attended the one given by John Labuszewski, Director of Research and Development. In his spiel, Labuszewski gave the top five reasons investors should hand over their money to a manager for investing in futures such as energy, agriculture, currencies, and the like. Those reasons were:

1. Potentially attractive returns.

2. Superior reward/risk ratio.

3. Possibility of returns in bull and bear markets.

4. Exposure to all major asset classes.

5. Opportunity to invest with confidence in a regulated industry.

Indeed, managed futures did look pretty seductive when CME showed the returns from the Barclay CTA (Commodity Trader Advisor) Index. It's pretty difficult not to get seduced by a chart like this, though the CME group only showed it in data form. I especially loved the table on the CME website showing annual returns vs. the S&P 500. It showed managed futures increasing in years where the stock market declined, including a 14.09 increase in 2008, when the S&P 500 declined 38.48 percent. Now that's what I call diversification!

Labuszewski did note that the Barclay CTA Index was not associated with the British banking giant, and stated the index could have some survivorship bias, meaning that managers going out of business are no longer included.

Heck, all indexes have some survivorship bias and I'm all for making money in every environment. Just look at this steady increase with no market plunges like stocks display with regularity. And much as I want to believe, I'm going to do a little more research before I fork over money to a manager that typically charges two percent annually plus 20 percent of the profits.

Barclay CTA Index
The organization that owns this index recently changed its name from Barclay Group to BarclayHedge and the first thing you will notice when you click on their site is a pop up noting they are not affiliated with Barclay's Bank.

I spoke to the president and founder of BarclayHedge, Sol Waksman. Waksman noted that his CTA index was not the entire universe of CTA managers. The index was comprised of those managers requesting inclusion in the index and qualifying as having a minimum of 43 months of performance. If accepted, the manager would self-report performance and be included in this equally weighted index.

An alarm went off in my head as the words "selection bias" came to mind. To explain what this is, imagine if mutual funds didn't have to report performance. Let's say I develop a mutual fund index and encourage the fund families to be included in my index and that this inclusion would help in their sales efforts. It would be reasonable to expect winning families to report their winning funds and leave out their losers. So my index report would be showing how US stock mutual funds far outpaced the US stock market as a whole. Obviously, Morningstar reports on the universe of mutual funds and we know that, in reality, they underperform.

I presented my selection bias theory to Waksman and he noted you might expect this but "it's not statistically true." When I asked Waksman for the data to show this, he responded that the data would need to be developed and that would take a long time. Funny, the way I learned statistics was that the data had to be run before making any statistical conclusion.

Finally, I asked Waksman point blank whether the Barclay name change had anything to do with the insistence from Barclay's bank that this was an infringement of their name. He responded, "I don't think I should answer this."

Turn the page to see CME's response
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    Allan S. Roth is the founder of Wealth Logic, an hourly based financial planning and investment advisory firm that advises clients with portfolios ranging from $10,000 to over $50 million. The author of How a Second Grader Beats Wall Street, Roth teaches investments and behavioral finance at the University of Denver and is a frequent speaker. He is required by law to note that his columns are not meant as specific investment advice, since any advice of that sort would need to take into account such things as each reader's willingness and need to take risk. His columns will specifically avoid the foolishness of predicting the next hot stock or what the stock market will do next month.