LONDON - Britain's spreading phone hacking and police bribery scandal forced two of London's top police officers to resign in less than 24 hours and prompted Prime Minister David Cameron on Monday to call for an emergency session of parliament.
Scotland Yard chief Paul Stephenson stepped down Sunday night, followed out the door Monday by Assistant Commissioner John Yates. Yates was the official who decided two years ago not to reopen police inquiries into phone hacking and police bribery by tabloid journalists, saying he did not believe there was any new evidence to consider.
Detectives reopened the investigation earlier this year and now say they have the names of 3,700 potential victims.
British Home Secretary Theresa May announced Monday that a police inspectorate will examine possible police corruption.
She told lawmakers that at moments like this "it is natural to ask whom polices the police" and announced that the Inspectorate of Constabulary would look at links between the police and the press in the wake of the phone hacking scandal.
The spate of high-profile resignations have made it even harder for Cameron to contain the intensifying scandal that is threatening his leadership and knocking billions off of Rupert Murdoch's global media empire.
Parliament was to break for the summer on Tuesday after lawmakers grilled Murdoch, his son James and Murdoch's former British chief executive Rebekah Brooks in a highly anticipated public airing about the scandal. Cameron, however, wanted lawmakers to reconvene Wednesday "so I can make a further statement."
Cameron spoke in Pretoria, South Africa, on the first day of a two-day visit to Africa. He had planned a longer trip but cut it short as his government faces a growing number of questions about its cozy relationship with the Murdoch empire during a scandal that has taken down top police and media figures with breathtaking speed.
Opposition leader Ed Miliband said Cameron needed to answer "a whole series of questions" about his relationships with Brooks, James Murdoch and Andy Coulson, the former News of the World editor that Cameron later hired as his communications chief. Coulson resigned from that post in January and is one of 10 people who have been arrested in the scandal. No one has been charged.
"At the moment, he seems unable to provide the leadership the country needs," Miliband said.
Cameron insisted his Conservative-led government had "taken very decisive action" by setting up a judge-led inquiry into the wrongdoing at the now-defunct Murdoch tabloid News of the World and into the overall relations between British politicians, the media and police.
"We have helped to ensure a large and properly resourced police investigation that can get to the bottom of what happened, and wrongdoing, and we have pretty much demonstrated complete transparency in terms of media contact," Cameron said.
Still, Cameron is under heavy pressure after the resignations of Stephenson and Yates, and Sunday's arrest of Brooks -- a friend of his -- on suspicion of hacking and police bribery.
Brooks was detained and questioned for nine hours Sunday before being released on bail. Her lawyer, Stephen Parkinson, released a defiant statement Monday professing her innocence.
Parkinson said police would "have to give an account of their actions" considering "the enormous reputational damage" Brooks' arrest had caused to the social and political insider. Her arrest put into doubt whether she would appear before Parliament alongside the Murdochs Tuesday, but a spokesman confirmed that she would.
Brooks was the bold chief executive of News International, Murdoch's British newspaper arm, whose News of the World stands accused of hacking into the phones of celebrities, politicians and other journalists. But it was the revelation that journalists accessed the phone of slain teenager Milly Dowler in search of scoops while police were looking for the missing 13-year-old fueled wide outrage in Britain.
Police are under pressure to explain why their original hacking investigation several years ago failed to find enough evidence to prosecute anyone other than News of the World royal reporter Clive Goodman and private investigator Glenn Mulcaire. Goodman has been re-arrested in the current hacking and police bribery investigation.
Stephenson, the police chief, resigned Sunday over his ties to Neil Wallis, a former News of the World executive editor who has been arrested in the scandal. Stephenson said he had nothing to do with the earlier phone hacking inquiry or Wallis, but was resigning to allow his agency to focus on the London 2012 Olympics instead of leadership changes.
London mayor Boris Johnson said Yates had questions to answer about his own links with Wallis, and said Yates resigned after being told he would be suspended pending an ethics investigation.
Yates will be replaced by Assistant Commissioner Cressida Dick on an interim basis. Dick is highly regarded among her Scotland Yard peers but has drawn criticism in the past for commanding an operation that resulted in the death of Jean Charles de Menezes, a Brazilian man mistaken for a suicide bomber.
In his resignation speech Sunday, Stephenson made pointed reference to Cameron's hiring of Coulson.
Cameron retorted Monday that the situations of his government and the police were "completely different," because allegations that police were bribed for information "have had a direct bearing on public confidence into the police inquiry into the News of the World and indeed into the police themselves."
Brooks' arrest was the latest blow for Murdoch, the once all-powerful figure courted by British politicians of all stripes. Now Murdoch is struggling to tame the scandal, which has already destroyed the News of the World, cost the jobs of Brooks and Wall Street Journal publisher Les Hinton and sunk the media baron's dream of taking full control of a lucrative satellite broadcaster, British Sky Broadcasting.
Murdoch is eager to stop the crisis from spreading to the United States, where many of his most lucrative assets -- including the Fox TV network, 20th Century Fox film studio, The Wall Street Journal and the New York Post -- are based.
Sky News reported Monday that News Corp. had appointed a senior lawyer to head an internal probe on phone hacking.
Police said Monday they had cleared one of the 10 people they arrested, Press Association royal reporter Laura Elston.
Even more senior figures could face arrest, including James Murdoch, chairman of BSkyB and chief executive of his father's European and Asian operations. James Murdoch did not directly oversee the News of the World, but he approved payments to some of the paper's most prominent hacking victims, including 700,000 pounds ($1.1 million) to Professional Footballers' Association chief Gordon Taylor.
James Murdoch said last week that he "did not have a complete picture" when he approved the payouts.
At Tuesday's committee hearing, which will be televised, U.K. politicians will seek more details about the scale of criminality at the News of the World. The Murdochs will try to avoid incriminating themselves or doing more harm to their business without misleading Parliament, which is a crime.
Hinton, too, could face questioning over wrongdoing at the News of the World during his 12 years as executive chairman of News International. But since he is an American citizen living in the U.S., British authorities would have to seek his extradition if he refused to come willingly.
Britain's Serious Fraud Office, meanwhile, said Monday it was giving "full consideration" to a request from a lawmaker that it open an investigation into Murdoch's News Corp. activities in Britain.