Here's one way to consider the gender wage gap: Out of about 350 U.S. professions tracked by the U.S. Census, only nine pay women more than men.
While the gender pay gap is well documented (and much debated), what's interesting is how it affects almost every job in the country -- and how few professions offer women the chance to outearn their male colleagues. The data, released by the U.S. Census earlier this month, tracks earnings for men and women working full-time in hundreds of occupations, from chief executives to farmers.
Many of the jobs where women outearn men are those traditionally held by women, such as service- or education-focused roles. Others may be surprising, especially one profession where the issue of gender parity has surfaced as a hot topic. Yet while these nine professions don't necessarily follow rhyme or reason, there's one clear trend: The margin of higher pay for women is very slim.
Across the board, women in America earn 78.8 cents for every $1 earned by men, the Census found. That's a national figure, and it lumps in women and men across hundreds of professions and industries.
But in fields where men outearn women, the margin is often quite large. Women face the biggest pay gap of all in the farming and ranching industries, where they earn just 60.7 cents for every $1 earned by their male counterparts.
That means incomes for male farmers are 60 percent higher than for women in the field. Yet in the professions where women enjoy higher pay, they're earning less than 1 percent to 6 percent more than men. In many traditionally female-dominated professions, such as nursing, men are now outearning women, the Census found.
To be sure, the Census data don't compare earnings by years of experience or educational attainment. Still, research that compares the earnings of recent college graduates who have similar educational backgrounds has found the wage gap persists. Women who studied engineering, for instance, earned 88 cents for every $1 their male counterpart earned just one year after college graduation, the American Association of University Women found in a 2012 study.
Read on to learn about the 9 professions where women earn more than men.