Yet the creation of the Network of Anglican Communion Dioceses and Parishes stopped short of a schism with the Episcopal Church, raising the prospect of church-by-church fights for authority and control.
"This has been, for us, a glorious and historic day," said Pittsburgh Bishop Robert Duncan, who was elected to head the network.
The organization's founding charter, approved by about 100 delegates from 12 dioceses and other parts of the nation, said decisions by the Episcopal Church "have departed from the historic faith and order and have brought immense harm."
The group "shall operate in good faith within the constitution of the Episcopal Church," and it will "constitute a true and legitimate expression of the worldwide Anglican Communion."
The Anglican Communion is the global federation of churches that trace their roots back to the Church of England — the Episcopal Church is the U.S. branch. The majority of overseas Anglican leaders oppose ordaining gays, but conservatives are a minority in the United States.
Network leaders contend they're not leaving the Episcopal Church but the church left them when it began allowing gay clergy and blessings for same-sex couples. November's consecration of openly gay Bishop V. Gene Robinson of New Hampshire brought the situation to a crisis point.
Robinson was traveling and could not be reached for comment, his spokesman Mike Barwell said. Episcopal Church headquarters in New York issued no formal statement during the meeting.
It's still unclear how the "church within a church" the network leaders created will relate to the denomination's leaders, and talk of schism was downplayed during the two-day meeting at a church in suburban Dallas. One reason is that parishes would likely be forced to surrender their properties to the denomination if they leave.
But the network's charter says that all congregations joining the group, including those from liberal dioceses, will "come under the spiritual authority of a bishop" approved by network leaders — a direct challenge to the Episcopal Church's top officials.
Under church law, no bishop from outside a diocese can minister to a congregation without the local bishop's permission.
The meeting discussed writing a doctrinal platform but lacked the time to do that in Plano. However, the network's ideology is clear: Conservative Episcopalians believe that allowing gay clergy and same-sex blessings threatens the authority of the Bible and Christian tradition.
Many others, however, favor allowing local dioceses to decide whether to recognize same-gender couples, and some insist the Bible should be interpreted to offer equal justice for all people, including homosexuals.
The network will create five geographical districts — New England, Mid-Atlantic, Southeastern, Mid-Continental and Western — and one non-geographical district.
The group said it will consult with Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams, the communion's spiritual leader, and overseas Anglican authorities about securing spiritual oversight for its members — an attempt to circumvent Episcopal leaders.
Williams has named a commission to report by Sept. 30 on solutions to global divisions over the Episcopal Church's actions and a parallel dispute in Canada concerning same-sex blessings.
By Richard N. Ostling