Japan halts vaccines after four children die: Are U.S. kids at risk?

Some parents worry about vaccinating their kids against measles and other childhood diseases because they fear the vaccine can cause autism. But studies involving thousands of children have found no connection between the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism. There are risks of allergic reactions and seizures from being vaccinated, but these are very small - far less worrisome, the CDC says, than coming down with measles. istockphoto

boy, nurse, injection, shot, vaccine, istockphoto, 4x3

(CBS/AP) TOKYO - Parents worried about the safety of childhood vaccines got a jolt Monday after news broke that Japan had stopped using vaccines from two drugmakers while it investigates the deaths of four children who were inoculated, the health ministry said Monday.

The decision to halt the use of vaccines against pneumonia, some types of meningitis, and other infections was made Saturday. The government is hearing from experts at a meeting Tuesday, the health ministry said.

In the U.S, there have been no indications of a problem with the vaccines, which are made by Pfizer and Sanofi, a spokesman for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention told CBS News. "Nothing has surfaced in our review that sets off any kinds of bells," Tom Skinner said, adding that the agency was monitoring the situation carefully.

Calls to the FDA went unanswered by press time.

The four children, from under six months to 2 years old, died between March 2 and March 4. The deaths occurred within three days after the vaccines were administered, the ministry said.

The vaccination began in Japan about a year to two years ago. The vaccines have been administered to 1 million to 1.5 million children, according to the ministry.

Pfizer in Japan said the company was cooperating with the investigation on the Prevenar vaccine. The U.S. has been using Prevenar for about 10 years, the company said.

Sanofi-Aventis in Japan said its ActHIB vaccine was approved in France in 1992, and a year later in the U.S.


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