CBS News Correspondent Richard Roth reports that the idea was for a day blending pomp and populism, preserving the old while observing the new. The queen's carriage rolling along Edinburgh's cobbled streets while a supersonic Concorde soared by above.
This was Scotland turning a page of history: Opening a parliament of its own for the first time since 1707, when London took over its lawmaking powers, when the United Kingdom was becoming Great Britain.
"Today is a historic day for Scotland," the queen declared.
But it was also a day rich in symbols of the union that remains; the culture and the government and the crown that tie Scotland and England together.
Full independence is still a far-off goal of Scottish nationalists, though even the most famous of them was smiling today. Actor Sean Connery said this was better than the Academy Awards.
More than that, a Scottish politician said it was a celebration that deserved notice. It's the creation, he said, of a new voice for democracy.
Prime Minister Tony Blair's Labor Party, the largest group in the assembly, hopes the restoration of the Parliament will preserve the United Kingdom -- but in a new form, with power decentralized from the government in London.
Power devolved formally to the Parliament on Thursday, enabling it to raise taxes and legislate on a range of domestic functions, including education, health, legal affairs and local government.
England and Scotland have shared a monarch since 1603, a century before their 1707 union under a single Parliament in London.
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