International Space Station Personnel

See the Statistics page for additional demographic data or NASA's astronaut bio page. A listing of active cosmonauts is available on Dennis Newkirk's Russian Aerospace Guide. NOTES: Ages as of launch; MS: mission specialist; PS: payload specialist; FE: flight engineer; SO: science officer; EV: spacewalker; M/X: Married/single/divorced with X kids

International Space Station: Expeditions 39/40

Left to right: Oleg Artemyev (RSA; Soyuz TMA-12M), Steven Swanson (NASA, Soyuz TMA-12M), Alexander Skvortsov (RSA, Soyuz TMA-12M), Mikhail Tyurin (RSA, Soyuz TMA-11M), Koichi Wakata (JAXA; Soyuz TMA-11M), Rick Mastracchio (NASA; Soyuz TMA-11M). (Credit: NASA)

ISS-38/39, Soyuz TMA-11M

Launch: 04:14:15 GMT 11/07/2013
Landing (planned): 01:57:52 GMT 5/14/14
Mission duration (predicted): 187/22:43:37 days

ISS-38/39 FE/Soyuz TMA-11M CDR:
Mikhail Tyurin (RSA; center seat)
53; STS-105/ISS-3/STS-108; TMA-9/ISS-14; M/1; DOB: 03/02/60; Hometown: Korolev, Russia; Time in space: 344.2 days (534.4 days at landing)

ISS-38/39 FE/Soyuz TMA-11M Board Engineer:
Rick Mastracchio (NASA; left seat)
53; STS-106,118,131; M/3; DOB: 2/11/60; Hometown: Waterbury, CT.; TIS: 39.7 days (227.6 days at landing)

ISS-ISS-38 FE/ISS-39 CDR/Soyuz TMA-11M Flight Engineer:
Koichi Wakata, Ph.D. (JAXA; right seat)
50; STS-72,92,STS-119/ISS-18-20/STS-127; M/1; DOB: 08/01/63; Hometown: Saitama, Japan; TIS: 159.5 days (347.4 days at landing)

ISS-38/39, Soyuz TMA-12M
Launch: 21:17:23 GMT 03/25/14
Landing (planned): 09/11/14
Mission duration (predicted): 169.3 days

ISS-39/40 FE/Soyuz TMA-12M CDR:
Alexander Skvortsov (RSA; center seat)
48; TMA-18/ISS-23/24; M/1; DOB: 05/06/66; Hometown: Schelkovo, Moscow Region; Time in space: 176.1 days (345.4 days at landing)

ISS-39/40 FE/Soyuz TMA-11M Board Engineer:
Oleg Artemyev (RSA; left seat)
43; Rookie; S/0; DOB: 12/28/70; Hometown: Riga, Latvia; TIS: 0days (169.3 days at landing)

ISS-39 FE/ISS-40 CDR/Soyuz TMA-11M Flight Engineer:
Steven R. Swanson, Ph.D. (NASA; right seat)
53; STS-117,119; M/3; DOB: 12/03/60; Hometown: Steamboat Springs, Co.; TIS: 26.7 days (196 days at landing)

ISS-38/39, Soyuz TMA-11M Crew Bios
(Launched: 11/07/2013)

Source: NASA, Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center

Russian Cosmonaut

PERSONAL DATA: Michael Tyurin lives in Korolev, a small city outside of Moscow. He was born March 2, 1960, in Kolomna, Russia (about 60 miles from Moscow) where his parents still reside. He is married to Tatiana Anatoleyvna Tyurin. They have a daughter, Alexandra, born in 1982. He enjoys sailing in his free time.

EDUCATION: He graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1984 with a degree in engineering and a specialization in creating mathematical models related to mechanical flight. He is currently doing graduate work in his field of research.

EXPERIENCE: After graduating from the Aviation Institute he began working at the Energia corporation as an engineer. The main subjects of his job have been dynamics, ballistics, and software development. His personal scientific research is connected with the psychological aspects of cosmonauts' training for the manual control of spacecraft motion. In 1993 he was selected to begin cosmonaut training, and in 1998 he started training as a flight engineer for the Expedition-3 crew. He also served as a backup crew member for the first ISS mission.

Tyurin lived and worked aboard the International Space Station for a total of 125 days. The Expedition-3 crew launched on August 10, 2001 aboard STS-105 Discovery and docked with the International Space Station (ISS) on August 12, 2001. They left the station on December 15 aboard STS-108 Endeavour, landing at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on December 17, 2001.

Tyurin was the Commander of Soyuz-13 (TMA-9) / Expedition 14, launching on September 18, 2006 from Baikonour, and docking with the International Space Station on September 20, 2006. He served as Flight Engineer during a six-month tour of duty aboard the space station. Tyurin performed 5 spacewalks accumulating 25 hours and 32 minutes of EVA time and a total of 215 days in space. The mission concluded on April 21, 2007 with a landing in the steppes of Kazakhstan.

In completing his second space mission, Tyurin has accumulated a total of 340 days in space including 25 hours and 32 minutes of EVA time in 5 spacewalks.

APRIL 2007

NASA Astronaut

PERSONAL DATA: Born February 11, 1960 in Waterbury, Connecticut.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Crosby High School, Waterbury, Connecticut, in 1978; received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering/Computer Science from the University of Connecticut in 1982, a Master of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1987, and a Master of Science Degree in Physical Science from the University of Houston-Clear Lake in 1991.

ORGANIZATIONS: Member, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

EXPERIENCE: Rick Mastracchio worked for Hamilton Standard in Connecticut as an engineer in the system design group from 1982 until 1987. During that time, he participated in the development of high performance, strapped-down inertial measurement units and flight control computers.

NASA EXPERIENCE: In 1987, Mastracchio moved to Houston, Texas, to work for the Rockwell Shuttle Operations Company at the Johnson Space Center. In 1990, he joined NASA as an engineer in the Flight Crew Operations Directorate. His duties included the development of space shuttle flight software requirements, the verification of space shuttle flight software in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory, and the development of ascent and abort crew procedures for the Astronaut Office.

From 1993 until 1996, he worked as an ascent/entry Guidance and Procedures Officer (GPO) in Mission Control. An ascent/entry GPO has both premission and real-time space shuttle support responsibilities in the areas of onboard guidance, navigation and targeting. During that time, he supported seventeen missions as a Flight Controller.

In April 1996, Mastracchio was selected as an Astronaut Candidate and started training in August 1996. Mastracchio has worked technical issues for the Astronaut Office Computer Support Branch, Space Station Operations, the EVA Branch and as a Capsule Communicator (CAPCOM). He served as the display design lead for the space shuttle cockpit avionics upgrades in 2003. From 2004 until 2009, he has worked various Constellation and Orion tasks including Cockpit Design Lead, and Constellation Deputy Branch Chief.

A veteran of three spaceflights, Mastracchio flew as a Mission Specialist on STS-106, STS-118, and STS-131 and has logged nearly 40 days in space, including six EVAs totaling 38 hours and 30 minutes.

Mastracchio is currently serving as flight engineer aboard the International Space Station for Expedition 38.

SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-106 Atlantis (September 8 through September 20, 2000). During the 12-day mission, the crew successfully prepared the International Space Station for the arrival of the first permanent crew. The five astronauts and two cosmonauts delivered more than 6,600 pounds of supplies and installed batteries, power converters, a toilet and a treadmill on the space station. Two crew members performed a space walk to connect power, data and communications cables to the newly arrived Zvezda Service Module and the station. Mastracchio was the ascent/entry flight engineer, the primary robotic arm operator, and was responsible for the transfer of items from the space shuttle to the space station. STS-106 orbited the Earth 185 times, and covered 4.9 million miles in 11 days, 19 hours, and 10 minutes.

STS-118 (August 8 through August 21, 2007) was the 119th space shuttle flight, the 22nd flight to the station and the 20th flight for Endeavour. During the mission, Endeavour's crew successfully added another truss segment, a new gyroscope and external spare parts platform to the International Space Station. Mastracchio was the ascent/entry flight engineer, and as EVA lead, he participated in three of the four spacewalks. Traveling 5.3 million miles in space, the STS-118 mission was completed in 12 days, 17 hours, 55 minutes and 34 seconds.

STS-131 Discovery (April 5 through April 20, 2010), a resupply mission to the International Space Station, was launched at night from the Kennedy Space Center. On arrival at the station, Discovery's crew dropped off more than 27,000 pounds of hardware, supplies and equipment, including a tank full of ammonia coolant, new crew sleeping quarters and three experiment racks. As the EVA lead, Mastracchio performed three spacewalks during this mission and logged 20 hours and 17 minutes of spacewalks. On the return journey, the MPLM (Leonardo Multi-Purpose Logistics Module) inside Discovery's payload bay was packed with more than 6,000 pounds of hardware, science results and trash. The STS-131 mission was accomplished in 15 days, 02 hours, 47 minutes, 10 seconds, and traveled 6,232,235 statute miles in 238 orbits.

Expedition 38/39 - On November 6, 2013, Mastracchio launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station along with Soyuz Commander Mikhail Tyurin of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Flight Engineer Koichi Wakata. Upon reaching the station, they joined Roscosmos cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin, NASA astronaut Karen Nyberg and Luca Parmitano of the European Space Agency (ESA), plus Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Sergey Ryazanskiy and NASA astronaut Michael Hopkins.


JAXA Astronaut

Dr. Koichi Wakata was born in 1963, in Saitama, Japan. He received Aeronautical Engineering in 1987, Applied Mechanics in 1989, and Doctorate in Aerospace Engineering in 2004, all from Kyushu University.

From April 1989 to May 1992, Dr. Wakata worked as an aircraft structural engineer for Japan Airlines.

In April 1992, Dr. Wakata was selected as an astronaut candidate by the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA, currently Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency). He started training in the 14th National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) astronaut class in August 1992 and was qualified as a Mission Specialist (MS) in August 1993. Dr. Wakata's technical assignments at the NASA Astronaut Office to date include: Space Shuttle flight software verification, Space Shuttle payloads, the Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo" of the International Space Station (ISS), Space Shuttle and ISS robotics, Extravehicular Activities (EVAs), the on-orbit inspection systems of the Thermal Protection System as part of the Space Shuttle's return to flight activities, and ISS operations. During the STS-85 mission in August 1997, Dr. Wakata was the NASDA Assistant Payload Operations Director for the Manipulator Flight Demonstration, a robotic arm experiment for the Japanese Experiment Module of the ISS. Dr. Wakata operated the robotics system on NASDA's Engineering Test Satellite VII in the tele-operation robotics experiments in March 1999. He was qualified as a NASA instructor astronaut for robotics in December 2000 and for EVA in July 2008. In December 2006, Dr. Wakata completed flight engineer training for the Russian Soyuz TMA spacecraft. He served as the Chief of the Space Station Operations Branch of NASA's Astronaut Office from March 2010 to February 2011 as well as the Chief of the JAXA Astronaut Group from April 2010 to July 2012. He has logged over 2700 hours in a variety of aircraft.

In January, 1996, Dr. Wakata flew as the first Japanese Mission Specialist on STS-72 and performed several tasks including robotics operations for the retrieval of the Japanese Space Flyer Unit satellite (launched by a Japanese H-II rocket in March 1995), for the deployment and retrieval of the NASA OAST Flyer satellite, and for the support of the spacewalks.

In October 2000, he became the first Japanese astronaut to work on the ISS assembly on STS-92, during which he was responsible for the robotics operations to install the Z-1 Truss and Pressurized Mating Adapter-3 to the ISS as well as to support the spacewalks.

In July 2006, he served as the Commander of the 10th NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) mission, an undersea expedition at the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration's Aquarius habitat.

From March to July, 2009, Dr. Wakata flew as the first resident ISS crew member from Japan and served as a Flight Engineer and the JAXA Science Officer on the crews of Expeditions 18, 19 and 20 as well as a Mission Specialist on STS-119 and STS-127 (2J/A). His duties during the four-and-half month flight included the installation of the S6 Truss, the final assembly of Kibo, a variety of experiment operation in science, engineering, art, and education, as well as ISS systems operations and maintenance. In addition, Dr. Wakata operated all of the current human space robotics systems - Canadarm on the Shuttle, Canadarm2, Dextre, and Kibo's robotic arm on the ISS. He became the first Japanese astronaut to fly aboard Soyuz TMA spacecraft on orbit. A veteran of three space flights, Dr. Wakata has logged a total of 159 days, 10 hours, 46 minutes and 5 seconds in space.

In February 2011, he was assigned as a Flight Engineer of ISS Expedition 38 and the Commander of Expedition 39. He will be the first Japanese astronaut to command the ISS.

ISS-39/40, Soyuz TMA-12M Crew Bios
Launched: 03/25/14

Source: NASA, Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center

(Colonel, Russian Air Force)
Test-Cosmonaut Of Yu. A. Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center

PERSONAL DATA: Born May 6, 1966, in Schelkovo, Moscow Region. Married to Skvortsova (nee Krasnikova) Elena Georgievna. They have one daughter, Anna. Hobbies include diving, soccer, badminton, fishing, hunting, and tourism.

EDUCATION: Graduated from the Stavropol Air Force Pilot and Navigator School as pilot-engineer in 1987, and in 1997 from the Military Red Banner ZhukovAir Defense Academy. Currently working on a law degree at the Russian Academy of Civil Service.

AWARDS: 70 years of Soviet Armed Forces medal, Russian Armed Forces Meritorious Service Medal of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree, Commendation Medal of 3rd degree, Military Superior Service medal of 2nd degree

EXPERIENCE: Skvortsov flew L-39, МiG-23 and Su-27 aircraft as a pilot, senior pilot and chief of aircraft formation. . Skvortsov has logged around 1000 hours of flight time. He is a Class 1 Air Force pilot, a qualified diver and paraborne instructor.

SPACEFLIGHT TRAINING: Skvortsov was selected as a GCTC cosmonaut-candidate in 1997. From January 1998 to November 1999 he participated in basic spaceflight training. Skvortsov received the qualification of a test-cosmonaut in November, 1999. In January 2000 he started ISS advanced training. Starting March 2008 he trained with the ISS 21/22 backup crew as a flight engineer and Soyuz TMA commander. Since October 2009 he has trained as an ISS 23/24 crewmember - Soyuz commander, ISS 23 flight engineer and ISS 24 commander. He currently lives and works aboard the International Space Station having launched aboard Soyuz TMA-18 on April 2, 2010.

JUNE 2010

Roskosmos Test Cosmonaut

PERSONAL DATA: Born December 28, 1970, in Riga, Latvia.

EDUCATION: In 1990 graduated from the Tallinn Polytechnic Institute. In 1998 graduated from the Moscow Bauman Technical University with a degree in low temperature physics and technology.

EXPERIENCE: In 1990 – 1991 he served in the Soviet Army in Vilnius, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (presently Lithuanian Republic).

Since 1998 till 2011 worked at the Energia Rocket Space Corporation.

COSMONAUT SELECTION DATE AND CLASS: In January 2003 successfully passed technical examinations at the Energia Rocket Space Corporation.

On May 29, 2003, the Interdepartmental Board assigned him to the GCTC Cosmonaut Corps for basic training.

On June 16, 2003, he started basic training for spaceflight and completed the training course on June 28, 2005, by passing state examinations at the GCTC with excellent scores.

On July 5, 2005, he was certified as a test cosmonaut.

SPACEFLIGHT TRAINING: January 29-31, 2005, Artemiev participated in winter survival training with Michael Barratt and Sandra Magnus, NASA astronauts, as a crew commander. Emergency landing of the Soyuz Descent Module was simulated in the Moscow Region forest and lasted for two days.

June 2-10, 2006, he took part in water survival training with Yuri Lonchakov and Oleg Skripochka. The Soyuz Descent Module emergency landing to the water was simulated near Sevastopol, Ukraine.

January 16-27, 2007, participated in winter survival training with Charles Simonyi from the USA and Sergey Revin in the forest 30 km away from Moscow.

November 15-29, 2007, he participated in a 14-day-long test as a part of the MARS-500 Experiment.

From March 31 to July 14, 2009, took part in a 105-day-long preparatory experiment for MARS-500.

CURRENT STATUS: Since 2011 he is a test cosmonaut of the Roscosmos Cosmonaut Corps.


NASA Astronaut

PERSONAL DATA: Born in Syracuse, New York, but considers Steamboat Springs, Colorado to be his hometown. Married to the former Mary Drake Young of Steamboat Springs, Colorado. They have three children. He enjoys mountain biking, basketball, skiing, weight lifting, trail running, woodworking and spending time with his family. His parents, Stanley and June Swanson, reside in Eagle, Idaho. Her parents, Chan and Martha Young, reside in Steamboat Springs, Colorado.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Steamboat Springs High School in Steamboat Springs, Colorado; received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering Physics from the University of Colorado, and a Master of Applied Science in Computer Systems from Florida Atlantic University, and a Doctorate in Computer Science from Texas A&M University.

SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal, the JSC Certificate of Accommodation, Flight Simulation Engineering Award, and Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society.

EXPERIENCE: Prior to coming to NASA, Swanson worked for GTE in Phoenix, Arizona as a software engineer working on the real-time software of telephone system multiplexer/demultiplexers.

NASA EXPERIENCE: Dr. Swanson joined NASA as a Systems Engineer and a Flight Engineer in the Aircraft Operations Division of JSC working on the Shuttle Training Aircraft (STA). The STA is a complex airborne shuttle simulator, which models the flight characteristics of the shuttle from 35,000 ft. to main gear touchdown. During his time with the STA, Swanson worked on the improvement of the STA’s navigation and control systems and the incorporation of a real-time wind determination algorithm.

In May of 1998, Dr. Swanson was selected as mission specialist and started training in August of 1998. After completing Astronaut Candidate training, which included intensive instruction in shuttle and International Space Station systems, he was assigned to the Astronaut Office Space Station Operations Branch. He has also worked in the Astronaut Office Robotics Branch and as a Spacecraft Communicator (CAPCOM) for space station and shuttle missions. Dr. Swanson also completed the advance training for Extravehicular Activities (EVAs), the shuttle and station robotic arms, and shuttle rendezvous. In 2007, he flew on STS-117, logging 336 hours in space including almost 14 EVA hours. In 2009, Swanson flew on the STS-119 mission in which he led the EVA team and logged 307 hours in space including about 13 EVA hours.

Swanson is currently serving as flight engineer aboard the International Space Station for Expedition 40.

SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-117 Atlantis (June 8 through June 22, 2007) was the 118th shuttle mission and the 21st mission to visit the International Space Station, delivering the second starboard truss segment, the third set of U.S. solar arrays, batteries and associated equipment. This successful construction and repair mission involved four spacewalks by two teams of astronauts. Swanson accumulated 13 hours and 45 minutes of EVA in 2 spacewalks. The mission also delivered and returned with an expedition crew member. STS-117 returned to land at Edwards Air Force Base, California, having traveled 5.8 million miles in 14 days.

STS-119 Discovery (March 15 through March 28, 2009) was the 125th shuttle mission and the 28th mission to visit the International Space Station, delivering the final starboard truss segment, S6. As part of S6, the fourth and final set of U.S. solar arrays, batteries and associated equipment were also delivered, installed and deployed. This very successful construction mission consisted of three spacewalks conducted by three astronauts, two at a time. Dr. Swanson accumulated 12 hours and 37 minutes of EVA in 2 spacewalks. STS-119 landed at the Kennedy Space Center after traveling 5.3 million miles in 13 days.

Expedition 39/40 - On March 25, Dr. Swanson launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station along with Soyuz Commander Alexander Skvortsov and Flight Engineer Oleg Artemyev of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos). Upon reaching the station, they joined NASA Astronaut Rick Mastracchio, Roscosmos Cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin, and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Koichi Wakata.

MARCH 2014