SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — The online message board 8chan suffered sporadic outages Monday after its cybersecurity provider cut it off for what it called a "cesspool of hate" following mass shootings in Texas and Ohio.
But the board, which has a history of use by violent extremists, also quickly found a new online host. That company also provides such support for Gab.com, another social media site frequented by white supremacists that doesn't ban hate speech.
8chan was up and down after San Francisco-based security company Cloudflare said it would no longer provide services that protect web sites from denial-of-service attacks that can make them unreachable.
The operators of 8chan said there might be downtime in the next one or two days as the site sought a solution, and online records indicated the site had been moved to a new domain host: Sammamish, Washington-based web services provider Epik.com.
The company bills itself on its site as "the Swiss bank of domains." Epik.com did not immediately respond to requests sent by email and via LinkedIn
If there is a connection, it would be the third known instance of a shooter posting to the site before going on a rampage following mass shootings at two New Zealand mosques in the spring, and another at a California synagogue.
The suspect in El Paso "appears to have been inspired" by discussions on 8chan, said Cloudflare CEO Matthew Prince in a blog post on his company's site. He said a suspect in an earlier shooting at a synagogue in Poway, California, also posted a "hate-filled 'open letter'" on 8chan, as did the mosque attacker in Christchurch, New Zealand.
"8chan has repeatedly proven itself to be a cesspool of hate," wrote Prince. "They have proven themselves to be lawless and that lawlessness has caused multiple tragic deaths."
Prince acknowledged that little can be done under current rules to silence sites like 8chan.
Matt Cabot is professor of Mass Communications at San Jose State University. He said Cloudflare's CEO is demonstrating more self awareness of his role in limiting hate speech.
"It's because he realizes that he is actually aiding to some degree this kind of rhetoric," said Cabot.
Cabot added Cloudflare's decision is a wake-up call to other tech companies in the dangers of doing nothing.
"I think whether you're condoning it, or you're providing a platform for this kind of rhetoric, you're still going to be associated with it," said Cabot.
"With the big social networks doing a better job of moderating hate speech, incitement to violence and harassment, it's inevitable that extreme speech is gravitating to smaller websites that are often little more than message boards — sites teenagers routinely make in their bedrooms," said Joan Donovan, the director of the technology and social change project at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government.
Services like Cloudflare or BitMitigate that host and protect websites are necessary to keep contentious, extremist-tolerant message boards like 8chan online because they typically attract hostile traffic from hacktivists aimed at overwhelming the sites and making them unreachable.
"That's precisely the paradox that Cloudfare finds itself in," Donovan said. "It sees itself as a necessary part of the internet infrastructure while at the same time understanding that in providing protection to these hate sites they are in some cases one of the reasons this content continues to exist or continues to stay online."
On Monday, Prince wrote the following regarding 8chan: "We continue to feel incredibly uncomfortable about playing the role of content arbiter and do not plan to exercise it often."
Irina Raicu, Director Of Internet Ethics Program At Santa Clara University, says technology companies are increasingly recognizing their responsibility in the spread of shooters' manifestos, and hate speech in general.
"I think a lot of tech companies are very uncomfortable with this new role, and they don't feel qualified and they're trying to pull in more voices and other kinds of expertise to help them," said Raicu, "I can understand the discomfort, and I can understand the call for that burden to be taken from [Prince]. But the question is, by whom? Who should be making those decisions?"
Two years ago, Cloudflare terminated service to the Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi and white supremacist site.
"Today, the Daily Stormer is still available and still disgusting," Prince wrote. "They have bragged that they have more readers than ever. They are no longer Cloudflare's problem, but they remain the Internet's problem."
In fact, the Daily Stormer's new security provider, BitMitigate, was purchased in February by Epik.com , whose CEO is Robert Monster of Bellevue, Washington.
In November, Monster defended in a blog post his company's decision to host Gab.com after its previous domain host, GoDaddy, dropped it.
Keit Do contributed to this story.
© Copyright 2019 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Associated Press contributed to this report.
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